ANTH 3004 Practice Midterm Notes

A solomonic megiddo looks like an anomaly when

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a. Solomonic Megiddo looks like an anomaly when compared to Solomonic Hazor and Gezer. Both had 6 chambered gate connected to city wall. But Megiddo had 6 chambered gate connected to a solid wall. b.ii. He found ashlar 6000 after only a few days. It was stratigraphically the same at palace 1723? And ran over both palaces directly, from the same strata.
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7. Consensus view, stratum 5a-4b at Megiddo is the Solomonic city shishak destroyed in 925 bce. Stratum 6a represents an 11 th century town also destroyed. What is Finkelstein’s challenging argument against this thesis? a. Essentially, everything is not as old as people say it is. Consensus is that 5a4b is Solomonic (10 th century) and 6a is dating to the Judges period around the 11 th century. Finkelstein is stating that 6a is actually Solomon’s city from the 10 th century and Shishak destroyed it. And 5a4b dates to the 9 th , not the 10 th . Finkelstein has 3 main arguments: a.i. 1. Pottery from strata 6a does not look like 11 th century pottery (philistine and collared-rim jars) and is therefore from the 10 th century. a.ii. 2. Fortified enclosure at Jezreel. Fink believes Omri built it and Jehu destroyed it. The pottery in the enclosure dates to the mid10th century and it resembles pottery from Megiddo 5a4b. a.iii. Part of Shishak’s victory stela found at Megiddo. Shishak would not have put a victory stela in a city he destroyed, it makes more sense to put it in a city he has conquered. Therefore he did not destroy 5a4b. 8. Harrison’s argument against Finkelstein’s argument. (that both strata destroyed) a. Shoshenq destroyed 5a4b b. David destroyed 6a c. Preliminary excavation reports state that Stratum 6 was poorly preserved and many of its data never made it onto the publications. Detailed archival accords from the Oriental Institute state that 6 ACTUALLY WAS WELL PRESERVED and it was destroyed by fire. Skeletons are found obviously killed by fallen debris, burned pillars and smashed pottery. It is apparent that destruction happened quickly and froze the settlement as it was during the destruction. The date of 6 is figured out by the dating of strata 7. Two hieroglyphic inscriptions date it to the 12 th century, during the reign of Ramses III and IV. The statue base is almost certainly 7a which means destruction of 7a happened after these Pharoahs. The next cultural strata represents the first Iron Age, generally dated between 1200 and 1000BCE. Strata 5a 4b clearly dates to the early iron age II period. d. Carbonized grain samples from several different sealed loci preserved in the destruction of Stratum 5 there have produced a calibrated date range between 935 and 898 BCE. The similarity between Rehov Stratum V assemblage and the
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pottery of Megiddo 5a4b confirms their relative contemporaneity. Thus with stratigraphy and ceramic evidence, together with radiocarbon data and the documentary record, point towards a late 10 th century date for the destruction of strata 5a4b settlement at Megiddo, which Shishak brought about in 925 bce.
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  • Spring '08
  • Irvine,S
  • Archaeology, Iron Age, Israelites, Canaan, battle scenes, peaceful infiltration model, a. Finkelstein

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