Should contrary to their hope and against the loyal

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Should, contrary to their hope, and against the loyal desire of the two High Contracting Parties, one of the two Empires be attacked by Russia the High Contracting Parties are bound to come to the assistance one of the other with the whole war strength of their Empires, and accordingly only to conclude peace together and upon mutual agreement. ARTICLE 2. Should one of the High Contracting Parties be attacked by another Power, the other High Contracting Party binds itself hereby, not only not to support the aggressor against its high Ally, but to observe at least a benevolent neutral attitude towards its fellow Contracting Party. Should, however, the attacking party in such a case be supported by Russia, either by an active cooperation or by military measures which constitute a menace to the Party attacked, then the obligation stipulated in Article 1 of this Treaty, for reciprocal assistance with the whole fighting force, becomes equally operative, and the conduct of the war by the two High Contracting Parties shall in this case also be in common until the conclusion of a common peace. ARTICLE 4. This Treaty shall, in conformity with its peaceful character, and to avoid any misinterpretation, be kept secret by the two High Contracting Parties, and only communicated to a third Power upon a joint understanding between the two Parties, and according to the terms of a special Agreement. Vienna, October 7, 1879 4. How can this document justify the events that led to the Black Week and Domino Effect of the declaration of War? Document 5 This chart provides information on the increasing amounts of money spent on armaments from 1870 through 1914. Per Capita Expenditures of the Great Powers on Armaments 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914 Great Britain $3.54 $3.46 $3.84 $12.60* $7.29 $8.23 France 2.92 4.02 4.66 5.21 6.47 7.07 Russia 1.28 1.50 1.26 1.44 2.32 3.44 Germany 1.28 2.16 2.80 4.06 4.06 8.19 Austria-Hungary 1.08 1.70 1.50 1.46 1.68 3.10 Italy 1.38 1.74 2.52 2.34 3.36 3.16 Source: From Europe, 1815-1914, by Gordon A. Craig, 1966. *Boer War Costs
5. Which three countries increased the amount of money spent on weapons? 6. How did this increase the chance of war? Document 6 Source: Newspaper run by Colonel Dragutin Dimitrevic, head of Serbian military intelligence and founder of the secret society, "Union or Death" (called "The Black Hand" by its opponents), 1912, in James Joll, The Origins of the First World War, New York: Addison Wesley Longman, 1992. The war between Serbia and Austria ... is inevitable. If Serbia wants to live in honor, she can only do this by war. This war is determined by our obligation to our traditions and the world of culture. This war derives from the duty of our race which will not permit itself to be assimilated. This war must bring about the eternal freedom of Serbia, of the South Slavs, of the Balkan peoples. Our whole race must stand together to halt the onslaught of these aliens from the north. 4. What was Dimitrevic s theory about the necessity of war?

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