Psychology in Action

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(either male or female) often use foreign objects to rape their victims. The myth that all women secretly want to be raped overlooks the fact that if a woman fantasizes about being raped she remains in complete control, whereas in an actual rape she is completely powerless . Also, fantasies contain no threat of physical harm, while rape does. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- We believe that by making you aware of rape myths, we can help prevent rape. In addition, we suggest the following techniques for reducing personal vulnerability to stranger rape (the rape of a person by an Instructor's Resource Guide                                Chapter 11                                       Page  108                                                                      
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unknown assailant) and acquaintance (or date) rape (committed by someone who is known to the victim) (Crooks and Baur, 1996; Denny and Quadagno, 1995). To Avoid Stranger Rape 1. Follow common sense advice for avoiding all forms of crime. For example, lock your car, park in lighted areas, install dead-bolt locks on your doors, don't open your door to strangers, don't hitchhike, etc. 2. Make yourself as strong as possible. Take a self-defense course, carry a loud whistle with you, and demonstrate self-confidence with your body language. Research shows that rapists tend to select women who appear passive and weak (Richards et al., 1991). 3. During an attack, run away if you can, talk to the rapist as a way to stall, and/or attempt to alert others by screaming ("Help, rape, call the police") (Shotland and Stebbings, 1980). When all else fails, women should actively resist an attack, according to current research (Fischhoff, 1992; Furby and Fischhoff, 1992). Loud shouting, fighting back, and causing a scene may deter an attack. To Prevent Acquaintance Rape 1. Be careful on first dates--date in groups and in public places; avoid alcohol and other drugs (Muehlenhard and Achrag, 1991). 2. Be assertive and clear in your communication--say what you want and what you don't want. Don't say no when you mean yes. Accept a partner's refusal. 3. If sexual coercion escalates, match the assailant's behavior with your own form of escalation--begin with firm refusals, get louder, threaten to call the police, begin shouting and use strong physical resistance. Don't be afraid to make a scene! Critical Thinking Exercise 11.3 Personal Values Clarification: Exploring Your Own Gender Role Development (An Affective Skill) One of the most important ingredients of active learning and critical thinking is the ability to closely examine one's own values (ideals, mores, standards, and principles that guide behavior). Are the values you currently hold a simple reflection of the values of your family or peer group?
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  • Human Sexuality, Sexual intercourse, Sexual arousal, Orgasm

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