Jefferson reasoned that white people had a responsibility to assist the native

Jefferson reasoned that white people had a

This preview shows page 11 - 12 out of 16 pages.

Jefferson reasoned that white people had a responsibility to assist the native peoples by teaching them how to survive in mainstream society (, Land Expansion). On a more humane note, President Jefferson hoped that if the nations' hunters returned with fewer animals, it would persuade the First Nations to sell their land and move westward. Maliciously, he sped up this process of migration by encouraging Natives to run up debts with traders. To pay off debts owed, the natives would have been forced to sell their precious land. Many First Nation's people fought mercilessly against the invasion of white men. The American's then sent many punitive expeditions to take the land by force. In 1811, friction arose between America and the northwest First Nations. This caused the Battle of Tippecanoe, in which two Shawneebrothers, Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa led a native movement to resist the invasions of William Henry Harrison, the Governor of the Indiana Territory. Harrison was intent on moving the Nations out to make room for American settlers. Despite several attempts at negotiation, Harrison and the brothers were headed for a tragic collision. In November of 1811, while Tecumseh was away enlisting support for his confederacy, Harrison moved 1000 men up the Wabash River towards Prophet's Town, where Tecumseh and company was settled. Harrison knew that Washington DC would call for a peaceful treaty, but the troops were itching for a bloody battle. Three native messengers came to Harrison and declared that Tenskwatawa was willing to meet them the next day to discuss demands. Harrison and men moved camp to a mile away from Prophet's Town (Findling, 22). The Natives were paranoid that, regardless of negotiations, Harrison's forces would attack them. To prevent this, the Natives ambushed them on November 7 at the crack of dawn. The ambush was so sudden that Harrison only realized what was happening after half of his forces were already dead. By daybreak, the entire army line was engaged and the warriors were beginning to grow weary. One final charge, and the Prophet Town's force was depleted of ammo and were forced to retreat. Two days later, the remainder of Harrison's troops plundered Prophet's Town and burned it to the ground. The death toll was approximately 200 dead and wounded for both the Americans and Natives. Though the Americans were massacred and ambushed, Harrison spoke of the battle as a victory for settler's rights' and won national fame. Though, contrary to hopes of America, the battle of Tippecanoe didn't destroy Tecumseh's confederacy or power. Many tribes of the First Nations were so infuriated by Harrison's tactics that they joined with the British military just to fight against the Americans.
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