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Identify the sampling designA convenience sample was used for finding participants for the study. A descriptive cross-sectional design was used as well, this assessed a particular situation that already existed in a single (3 months) time frame with no follow up planned. The snowball method was used with the pilot study portion, participants were researchers that were recruited from word of mouth from one another (pg. 27).A naturalistic qualitative study was conducted (pg. 230). This wasa nonrandom purposeful study. The participants were placed into two groups to and compared the data collected to determine an overall view (pg. 230)Describe the instrument, tool, or survey used in eacharticle.A paper questionnaire was used for the pilot study and a web-based questionnaire was used to gather data from the participants in the general population (pg. 27). They used SHALOM, Ryff and Keye’s scale and ODAS to measure and assess the responses recorded (pg. 27-28).They asked 3 questions to help guided discussion. There was group discussions and data was collected based on their responses(pg. 230) Summarize the discussion about the validity and reliability of the instruments,tools, or surveys used in each articleThey used a computer-generated program to determine required sample size, this would show they had enough datacollected to justify their conclusion. They used a pilot studyto determine the clarity (pg. 27). With a web-based questionnaire some limitations can arise. Only Jews were participants, so this doesn’t reflect the entire population. Some people do not have access to the internet or have littleknowledge about it. And based on results 70% of the participants had already signed an organ donor card (pg. 31). Even though they had sufficient data collected, there were multiple limitations that were a factor which in turn effects the conclusions that were drawn.