just a material thing but we cherish what it means the meaning of the same

Just a material thing but we cherish what it means

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: just a material thing but we cherish what it means (the meaning of the same symbol is different from culture to culture) Language : a system of symbols that allows people to communicate
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Cultural transmission: way of sharing cultureSapir-Whorf hypothesis: we know the world only in terms of language and we are taught to feel the way we do about certain thingsValues: standards of desirability, goodness, beauty which serve as a broad guideline for social living. I.e. statements we hold to be true; capitalism, achievement, successSapir- Whorf HypothesisWe know the world only in terms of language and we are taught to feel the way we do about certain thingsWhat are subcultures, countercultures, and their differences?Subcultures – (within): culture with own languages, values, way of dressing. They don’t try to change overall culture/societyoEx: “country” people within the USACountercultures – (against): groups whose cultural patterns are at greats odds with wider society. Tries to change overall societyoEx: women’s movement, KKK, homeschooling (NOT ALWAYS NEGATIVE)Differences: subcultures do their own thing within society without making any disruptions. Counterculture do their thing that is against overall culture and try tochange things in overall cultureMaterial and Non-Material CultureMaterial:a table Non-material: a craft table, a dining table (adding extra societal value to an item)oEx: We have the technology to create a human heart but nonmaterial culture is not okay with it, it’s not okay with us playing godEthnocentrismValuing one’s own culture over another A biased “cultural yardstick” oEx: “In the states we have huge blocks of cheese, in Canada the blocks areso little. It’s better in the U.S.”Not always negative; positives – in group loyalties, negatives – discriminationCultural RelativismRecognizing the differences in cultures but NOT JUDGING THEMCulture ShockDisorientation due to the inability to make sense out of one’s surroundingsNorms and SanctionsNorms = expectation of “right” behaviorSanctions = expression of approval for opening norms or expression of disapproval for disobeying normsIdeal vs. Real CultureIdeal: mandated by values/norms. The way things should beReal: only approximates the cultural expectations. The way things are
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High Culture & Popular Culture High Culture: cultural patterns found within a society’s elite groups; how we are supposed to live Popular Culture: patterns that are widespread; things that are seen across the board Cultural Diversity Impact of immigration- “patchwork quilt” In the US, our culture its diverse because there are people with all kinds of different backgrounds and from all around the world Cultural Lag, Change and Cultural “Leveling” Cultural Lag : non material culture lags behind material culture Cultural Leveling : USA got TV first, everyone has it – its common, but then a few years later, its common for every household to have a TV (standard same level). Mostly western culture being diffused
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