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Table 5.54: New Products Development of Industrial Enterprises in Shanghai, 2007Share of NewProducts inGVIO bySubsector (%)Share of NewProductsOutput inShanghai (%)Share of NewProductsExports inShanghai (%)ExportIntensity (%)Overall Manufacturing21.517.1# Farm and Sideline Products Processing0.40.00.06.4Food 22.214.171.124.1Beverage 0.80.00.00.0Tobacco 126.96.36.199.2Textile188.8.131.52.4Garments, Shoes and Accessories 0.40.00.020.2Furniture 184.108.40.2068.4Paper-making and Paper Products 0.90.00.00.0Printing and Record Duplicating12.60.50.01.1Stationary, Education and Sports Goods 220.127.116.11.4Oil Processing, Coking and Nuclear9.72.10.00.0Raw Chemical Materials and Chemical11.54.01.66.9Medicine 18.104.22.168.5Chemical Fiber 0.50.00.036.7Rubber Products 22.214.171.124.6Plastic Products 2.00.20.322.9Nonmetal Mineral Products126.96.36.1994.5Smelting and Pressing of Ferrous Metals22.27.72.04.4Smelting and Pressing of Nonferrous Metals188.8.131.52.5Metal Products 184.108.40.2062.0General Equipment 27.911.418.427.4Special Purpose Equipment 220.127.116.115.4Transportation Equipment 57.529.421.512.5Electric Machinery Equipments 18.104.22.1689.8Communications Equipments, Computer and Other Electronic Equipment 27.329.433.619.5Instruments, Meters, Culture and Office Equipments 21.51.55.057.0Artworks and Other 0.90.00.031.7Note: Export intensity is calculated as the share of new products exports over the revenue from the newproducts. Data is based on firms with revenues greater than 5 million yuan.Source: Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2008103
Figure 5.18: Changes in Share of New Product Output in ShanghaiSource: Shanghai Statistical Yearbook 2008Another indicator of technological, if not innovation capacity is the changingshare of high tech components and capital goods in Shanghai’s exports. Close to 40percent of exports from Shanghai are high-tech products up from 20 percent in 2001 (seeTable 5 .55). The bulk of the high-tech exports are computer and telecommunicationrelated goods. This also is a promising trend although thus far, most of these exports areproduced by foreign invested firms using imported inputs.104
Table 5.55: Value of Exports of High-tech Products in Shanghai (2001-2006), billion US$200120022003200420052006Value of Exports of High-tech Products5.47.516.428.936.344.3Exports27.632.148.573.590.7113.6Value of Exports of High-tech Products/Exports19.623.433.839.340.039.0By Technology Fieldof Which: Computers and telecommunications22.214.171.1249.124.430.2Electronics126.96.36.199.17.810.6Life science 0.20.30.40.50.70.9By Trade Modeof which: Processing with imported materials3.34.712.020.427.234.8General Trade0.50.71.42.63.24.4By Ownershipof which: State-owned and Collective-owned0.50.70.80.81.11.6Cooperative2.42.02.63.93.93.7Foreign Funded2.44.712.723.830.437.9By Destinations of which: US188.8.131.52.910.212.6EU184.108.40.206.910.612.3Hong Kong0.81.22.03.54.66.0Japan0.60.91.62.62.83.2Source: Shanghai Science and Technology Yearbook 2007The level and distribution of FDI offers an additional indirect perspective on howShanghai’s comparative advantage is perceived by foreign investors.