The monarchy was restored under Charles II r1660 1685 Parliaments Test Act

The monarchy was restored under charles ii r1660 1685

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the creation of a republic, the Commonwealth. The monarchy was restored under Charles II (r.1660-1685). Parliament’s Test Act required worship in the Church of England to hold office. James II (r.1685-1688), a Catholic, suspended the law, and his Protestant daughter, Mary, and her husband, William of Orange, the Dutch stadholder, invaded. Before ascending the throne they accepted the Bill of Rights, limiting royal power. John Locke (d.1704) justified the Glorious Revolution, claiming that government is created by a social contract to protect the natural rights of life, liberty, and property, and if it fails to do so, there is a right of revolution. In art, Mannerism, with its emotional and religious content, was followed by the Baroque, which used dramatic effects to convey religious and royal power, which in turn gave way to French Classicism. Rembrandt (d.1669) made it the golden age of Dutch painting. It was also a golden age of theater with England’s Shakespeare (d.1616), Spain’s Lope de Vega (d.1635), and France’s Racine (d.1699) and Moliere (d.1673). SUGGESTED LECTURE TOPICS 1. Europe, 1550-1650: Why Was It an Age of Crisis? 2. How Absolute was Absolutism? 3. Life at the Court of the Sun King: Louis XIV and The Environment of Noble Etiquette 4. Life in the Urban and Rural Communities of France in the Seventeenth Century 5. Absolutism in Western and Eastern Europe 6. The Baroque Style [a slide lecture]
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  • Spring '08
  • Lisa Clark
  • Louis XIV, Thirty Years' War, Constitutional monarchy, Monarchy, Louis XIV of France, seventeenth century

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