Copy of Anthro 41A Final Review.docx

Calvinism shaped modern nation states and their

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Calvinism shaped modern nation-states and their relationship to capitalism 1521: The former Aztec Empire became the Spanish Empire and Europe would suddenly gain a huge wealth. 1531: The Inca Empire falls to Francisco Pizarro after being devastated by European disease Spain now has access to the wealth of two major American Empires Parents of Charles I & V: Juana La Loca: o The daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella the Catholics Philip the Handsome: o Had many affairs, son of emperor Maximillian (I) and Marie of Burgundy Anne Boleyn: Henry VIII second wife Gives birth to Elizabeth I Henry has this wife executed for treason and which craft Jane Seymour: Henry VIII Third wife Gives birth to Edward VI Henry VII: Took power in England in the late 1400 at the end of the war of Roses o Killed the previous king o Kills the previous King of England o Marries his daughter to the King of Scotland o Has two sons Arthur Henry VIII (8th) Arthur: Married to Catherine of Argon o She is the sister of Juan La Loca o She is the daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
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o Aunt of emperor Charles Dies within a year of his marriage to Catherine Catherine of Argon: After the death of her husband Arthur She marries Arthurs brother, Henry VIII Calvinist Names by Location Switzerland: Swiss Calvinists Netherlands: Dutch Calvinists France: Huguenots Scotland: Presbyterians England: Puritans American Colonies: Pilgrims Emperor Frederick III: The great-grandfather of Charles V o Elected as emperor by electors in Rome in 1451AD o His motto was A.E.I.O.U and included it in his signature o Had a son name Maximilian I, whom he elected to be co-emperor while he was still living Thomas Aquinas: 13th Century Catholic Leader o argued that astrology was another way to understand part of Gods plan Fall of the Roman Empire: The western half fell in 476AD to Barbarians and there was no emperor for the next 3.5 Centuries 800 AD Charlemagne: After rescuing the Pope and saving Rome from Invasion he was crowned Emperor on December 25, 800AD. o Becomes the first of a series of new European Emperors known as "Holy Roman Emperors" Holy Roman Emperors: A series of new emperors in Rome starting with Charlemagne in 800 o The new emperors have the duty of protecting the Catholic Church and the Pope Electors: Nobility in the Holy Roman Empire who were responsible for electing the Emperors. Number of Electors: 7-10
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o Held title and picked future Roman emperor o Often Bribed o Held a lot of power Purgatory: A place you go after dying for purification o Required before entering heaven o More sins = more time spent here Meritocracy: Some people earn the right to have political power Feudalism: Those considered to be noble are expected to hold more wealth than the other classes in order to serve and protect society "Noblesse Oblige" The growing middle class: They had no intent on using their wealth to better society They used their money to simply make more money
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