Used to ch ỉ m ộ t thói quen m ộ t hành ñộ

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used to : ch m t thói quen, m t hành ñộ ng th ườ ng xuyên trong quá kh (past time habit): The program director used to write his own letter. be used to : quen v i vi c ... (be accustomed to) I am used to eating at 7:00 PM get used to : tr nên quen v i vi c ... (become accustomed to) We got used to cooking our own food when we had to live alone. L ư u ý 3 : Có th dùng would thay th ế cho used to mà ý ngh ĩ a và ng pháp không ñổ i. When David was young, he would swim once a day.
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 54 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng 13.8 Cách s d ng would rather would rather .... than c ũ ng có ngh ĩ a gi ng nh ư prefer .... to (thích h ơ n) nh ư ng ng pháp l i không gi ng. ðằ ng sau would rather b t bu c ph i là m t ñộ ng t nguyên th không to nh ư ng sau prefer là m t V-ing ho c m t danh t . Khi so sánh hai v ế , would rather dùng v i than còn prefer dùng v i to . We would rather die in freedom than live in slavery. I would rather drink Coca than Pepsi. I prefer drinking Coca to drinking Pepsi. I prefer Coca to Pepsi. Cách s d ng would rather ph thu c vào s l ượ ng ch ng c a câu c ũ ng nh ư th i c a câu. 13.8.1 Lo i câu có m t ch ng Lo i câu này dùng would rather ... (than) là lo i câu di n t s mong mu n hay ướ c mu n c a m t ng ườ i và chia làm 2 th i: 13.8.1.1 Th i hi n t i: Sau would rather là nguyên th b to . N ế u mu n thành l p th ph ñị nh ñặ t not tr ướ c nguyên th và b to . S + would rather + [verb in simple form] ... Jim would rather go to class tomorrow than today. Jim would rather not go to class tomorrow. 13.8.1.2 Th i quá kh : ðộ ng t sau would rather ph i là have + P 2 , n ế u mu n thành l p th ph ñị nh ñặ t not tr ướ c have . S + would rather + have + [verb in past participle] Jim would rather have gone to class yesterday than today. Jim would rather not have gone to the class yesterday. 13.8.2 Lo i câu có hai ch ng Lo i câu này dùng would rather that ( ướ c gì, mong gì) và dùng trong m t s tr ườ ng h p sau: 13.8.2.1 Câu c u ki ế n hi n t i (present subjunctive):
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S ư u t m và thi ế t k ế b i Ph m Vi t V ũ - 55 – Tr ườ ng ðạ i H c Kinh T ế ð à N ng Là lo i câu ng ườ i th nh t mu n ng ườ i th hai làm vi c gì (nh ư ng làm hay không còn ph thu c vào ng ườ i th hai). Xem thêm v câu c u khi ế n ph n sau. Trong tr ườ ng h p này ñộ ng t m ng ñề hai ñể d ng nguyên th b to . N ế u mu n thành l p th ph ñị nh ñặ t not tr ướ c nguyên th b to .
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