5 compare the impacts of the new industrialization on

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5. Compare the impacts of the new industrialization on the North and the South. Why was the “New South” more a slogan than a reality? The South’s production of manufactured goods did not measure up to the Northern goods; both the north and south were impacted by the new industries. Because the rate of which people were buying and consuming cigarettes was increasing, the production of machine made-cigarettes in the 1880's helped improves the South production of manufactured goods. Even though Industrialists were trying to change the production of goods in the South from agriculture to factories the South was still very rural making it hard for the South to make any progress. The "new South" was something that Henry Grady, the editor of the Atlanta Constitution, tried to create because of his enthusiasm for the success of the South. The railroad lines were not in the favor for the southerners. Many of the lines that helped transport manufactured goods around the Nation did go south of the North, but in the opposite direction of where many of the raw materials made in the South came from. The
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"Pittsburgh plus was a pricing system for the steel industry in the 1880's which but the South at an economic disadvantage. These helped steel companies in the North flourish because of the fictional fees which were made because of the shipping fares. This slowed down the South's advantages to grow and helped the steel industry, such as the Birmingham industries succeeded. In the manufacturing of cotton textiles in the South were not at such a disadvantage. In the past the South had to ship its fiber and cotton to New England for it to be processed, but as northern capital started to put up cotton mills in the south because of the tax benefits and the cheap labor the mills would provide a place for cotton to be processed. Many southerners were drawn to the cotton mills to look for work and entire families were now working ten hours at the mills. They were paid half the wage that the North earned and they were paid in credit of a company store which still kept workers in debt. Their jobs at the cotton mills rescued families from poverty and hunger. For once they had stability and earned money in a respectable way. 6. William Graham Sumner argued that the wealth and luxury enjoyed by millionaires was justifiable as a “good bargain for society” and the “natural law” should prevent the wealthy classes from aiding the working classes and poor. Why were such views so popular during the Gilded age? What criticism of such views might be offered? Many wealthy plutocrats argued that they deserved their hard owned money. Most defenders of wide open capitalism relied on the survival of the fittest theories of English philosopher Herbert Spencer and William Graham Sumner, which was later mislabeled at “Social Darwinist”. Spencer was the one who made up the phrase “survival of the fittest”. These social thinkers emphasized natural law while incorporating evolutionary theories to engage modern audiences. Many of ht rich had become rich on their own working hard;
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