39 See Samuel Hall 2015 IOM Awareness Campaign Enabling informed decision

39 see samuel hall 2015 iom awareness campaign

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39 See Samuel Hall (2015) IOM Awareness Campaign: Enabling informed decision-making among potential migrants, Endline Evaluation Report, March 2015.
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63 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration B. SECTORAL RECOMMENDATIONS Over the course of the research, the following domains were underlined as potential industries to develop through investment and skills training. Figure 62 - Potential growth industries These sectors, however, are challenging, because in many cases they require a change of mentality on the part of the youth involved, who are often a) looking down on blue-collar jobs, and b) preparing for jobs as employees in organizations rather than learning the skills necessary to begin their own business. Several interviewees noted that the first step towards enabling these sectors to flourish will be to change the attitude of people towards manual labour and manufacturing since currently trade, which creates employment on a much smaller scale than processing and manufacturing industries, is preferred over manufacturing: “A real change in the mindset is needed, they were all traders before, they cannot all trade, and they need to be changing from trading to manufacturing.” (EU Field Officer, Hargeysa) Fisheries: One of the promising sectors, but it needs to have the equipment and skilled people, which we don’t have. Fishing people are not that skilled. We need to have freezers, skilled people, and boats and other things. People are trying, as fishing sector is going up now, but the problem is, individuals are doing the business, not in groups. If you start with more stakeholders, your business will grow faster.” (Chamber of Commerce, Hargeysa). Creating fishing cooperatives – and strengthening those existing in Bossasso and Berbera – would allow for pooled investment and spread out risk. The biggest potential lies however in “whatever happens after the actual fishing” i.e. fish processing and sale of processed fish products rather than the actual fishing. However, in this context, the big problem of illegal fishing in Somaliland and Puntland waters which is depleting the stock has to be noted; fishing cooperatives should only be promoted where there is sufficient stock. Livestock processing: Right now, Somaliland mostly sends live animals to Gulf countries. Installing factories in Somaliland and Puntland would not only create employment, but potentially decrease costs for those buying the “finished” products. The same argument could be extended to fruit sector processing – with investments in key fruit production supply chains – like the Somali banana supply chain – could enhance already existing production and exports, supporting local producers’ access to a larger external market, and supporting local employment generation.
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  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

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