monotheistic religion only one God without form or gender non physical

Monotheistic religion only one god without form or

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monotheistic religion (only one God without form or gender, non-physical) salvation through personal meditation way to lead a good life: treat everyone equally, but be generous to the less fortunate, live honestly and work hard, keep God in heart and mind at all times Beliefs in Sikhism - follow the teaching of the 10 Sikh gurus - follow the holy scripture (Guru Granth Sahib) - human beings spend their life in a cycle of birth, life, and rebirth + Karma (cf. Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism) - do not be blinded by your own self-centred pride and concern for physical things → getting close to God, because God is in every person - concern yourself with the history, society, and culture of Punjab (origin of Sikhism) Sikhism in daily life - recitation of memorised specific passages from the Guru Granth Sahib - Harimandir Sahab (Golden Temple in Amritsar
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- Boys get Singh as a middle name, Kaur for girls - marriage: walking around Guru Granth Sahib four times Confucianism was never intended to be a religion → ethical and philosophical system originated in China (by Kong fu zi) contains moral, social, political, and philosophical thoughts Summary of the teaching - importance of education, especially history, poetry and ancient tradition - elements of moral government; taught through sayings such as “The grass will bend whichever way the wind blows” - maintenance of traditional rituals and music →beneficial way to channel beneficial emotions and good moods → impact on ethics of individuals → positive impact on society - individual effort is essential: principles of superior man (gentleman) vs. inferior man; everyone can behave gentlemantly, independently on his circumstances - most importantly: hierarchy; life consisted of five relationships that were mutually beneficial for each person in society Confucianism in daily life - respect for elderly people - University entrance exam - deep and wise statements Taoism(/Daoism) ancient tradition of philosophy and religious belief, originated in China is about the Tao, no exact translation → ultimate creative principle of universe, all things are unified and connected in the Tao → Ying and Yang (complementary forces) Tao is not a God and is not worshipped, but deities Wu Wei: action in non-action, without action → living/going along with true nature of world, letting things take their natural course → live life of balance and harmony, actions should fit into natural pattern of universe => Water is soft but can move earth and erode stones Pu: perception without prejudice → everybody is born without personality like an uncarved block of wood until experience and teachings carve away pieces of original simplicity → Taoists try to regain that early sense of unlimited possibility until everything becomes a new experience Beliefs in Taoism - numerous teachings based on various relevations - relativism ( the doctrine that knowledge, truth, and morality exist in relation to culture, society, or historical context, and are not absolute ) of human ways of life - three jewels: Kindness, simplicity, modesty Taoism in daily life
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