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7.What was invented first, the personal computer or the Internet (ARPANET)?The personal computer was created first to be used as databases, word processing, andspreadsheets.8.In what year were restrictions on commercial use of the Internet first lifted? When were eBay and Amazon founded?The National Science Foundation lifted restrictions on the internet’s commercial use in 1991. Amazon was founded on July 5, 1994, while eBay was founded on September 3, 19959.What does it mean to say we are in a “post-PC world”?It means the world no longer revolves around the PC to be used as the primary way people interact and do business. This is due to the sales of smartphones and tablets.10. What is Carr’s main argument about information technology?His main argument is that business people should know what an information system is, and how it can be utilized to bring a competitive advantage.
Exercise1. Suppose that you had to explain to a member of your family or one of your closest friends the concept of an information system. How would you define it? Write a one-paragraph description in your own words that you feel would best describe an information system to your friends or family.Information system is defined as a combination of telecommunications networks, hardware, and software to share data. Normally used by organizations, information systems are used to collect, share, and make information. The components that make it up are the hardware, software, data ,the people and the process. The hardware is the physical computer and is used to be able to run the software so that the software can tellwhat the hardware what to do. The people are the programmers or simply the person controlling the information system. The data is created from the software and the process is simply the steps it takes to reach an outcome.