Silla formed an alliance with goguryeo to rebuff a

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Silla formed an alliance with Goguryeo to rebuff a Japanese-Baekje army in 400 CE, obut when Goguryeo became more territorially ambitious, Baekje and Silla formed a long-lasting partnership between 433 and 553 CE.oBuddhism was adopted as the state religion by Silla around 355 helped to unite oSilla dynasty would eventually take over the Korean Peninsula and create Unified Silla Gyeonju- capital of the ancient kingdom Silla Kingdoms relationship with China oExpansion of kingdoms faced counter attacks from China oTake adv of conflicts within China between North and South Kingdoms oAdopted useful aspects of Chinese culture: philosophy, education and writing
Korean lecture 2Terms oChin China oSunko (Shuntao) oKing Sosurim – Goreyo king oMarananda – Indian monk that brought Buddhism to PakjaeoMukhoja= HukhgaoKing Nulchi oMartyr of Ichadon yong (Pak Yumchok) > 5 sects oKing Popkong/ pophung- promoting the Dharma law oPrincess Yoso oSolchong – son of wonghyo oChoggue Order oSamguk Yusa- legends and history of the three kingdoms oPeople’s budhism- Wong gwang THREE KINGDOMS PERIODoKoguryo/packjae/ silla oTang china Unified Silla(668) (676) oSilla was a dynasty that ruled during the time of the three kingdoms and successfully established a unified korean kingdom and ruled over the whole Korean peninsula ParhaeoAfter the unification of Silla, the kingdom of the North established a Parhae Kingdomoestablished itself as a kingdom in Manchuria country which is a combination of 3 ethnic groups creating a multicultural society.oformed by exiles from the old Malgal, Khitan and Former Koguryo kingdomBuddhism and Confucius Adopted Chinese hierarchy system with the king at the headFormed a more systemized religion and philosophy. Offered a social and spiritual basis for each of the three kingdoms to develop into a state Founder of Buddhism oSiddhartha Gautama oSapyamuni- “the holy one o“One mind”- absence of ego
Wonhyo (national preceptor) oThe most important monk during the Silla dynasty oHad a son with Princess Yoseok> named Solchong oSeek “Enlightenment”- awakened oPromoted the people’s Buddhism brought the Buddhist doctrines into a unity that could be understood by the common people oCreated the theory of harmonization Won-gwang oWas a renowned buddhist monk, scholar and teacher that existed during the Silla dynasty oWent to Sui China to study both Hinayana and Mahayana BuddhismoReturned to Silla and helped to spread Mahayan Buddhism and spread the faith among the common people oCreated the” 5 commandments for secular life”Rise and fall of the authoritarian Monarchy Silla and international politics of the far Eastern region such as koguryo, Paekche, Tang China Silla unification and authoritarian monarchy and its meaning to Korean cultureFactors of the Unified Silla kingdoms’ demise oDissatisfaction within the ruling class, rigidity of the bone rank system oWhich stagnated ideas and innovation, lack opportunity for talented individuals

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