Japan, Italy, and France. Representatives convened to discuss the treaties of the Washington
Conference. The group decided to extend certain provisions of the Five-Power Treaty, such as the
limitation of aircraft carriers. The group, with the exception of France and Italy, agreed on a new
ratio to use to define the number of battleships in each country's navy. Also called the London
Neutrality Acts (1935, 1937, 1939) –
The desire for the United States to remain at peace carried
into the 1930s, as political turmoil increased in Europe and Asia. Congress passed Neutrality Acts
in 1935, 1937, and 1939. These acts were designed to keep the United States out of any turmoil
bubbling on foreign soil. The American people wanted to avoid becoming entangled in another
Nobel Peace Prize of 1929 –
Awarded to Frank B. Kellogg, Secretary of State under President
Coolidge, for his role in arranging the Kellogg-Briand Pact.
Red Scare –
Period of anticommunist hysteria that swept the United States after World War I
Washington Naval Conference (1921-1922) –
Conference held in Washington, D.C. in 1921 and
based on the belief that if powerful nations reduced their weapons, they would no longer see each
other as a threat. It resulted in the creation of the Four-Power Treaty of 1921, the Five-Power
Naval Treaty of 1922, five other treaties, and numerous agreements between nations. Also called
the Washington Arms Conference.
Module 4 - 4.02 Roaring Twenties
The Big Ideas
What economic changes took place during the “Roaring Twenties”? What were the effects of these
How did the types of goods people bought and the ways they paid for them change in the 1920s?
How did technology and manufacturing change in the 1920s? What were the effects of these changes?
Describe the land boom in Florida from 1920 to 1925. Why did it end?
How did economic changes affect farmers and factory workers?
Henry Ford (How did he change manufacturing?) -
President Harding (What economic policies did he put in place?) –