What is the political organization Are there rituals involved Is kinship

What is the political organization are there rituals

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What is the political organization? Are there rituals involved? Is kinship important in the political structure? What are men’s and women’s roles in these societies? The view of the elderly? What are the beliefs related to the supernatural? What are the roles of the shamans, healers, elders, or other people involved in rituals?
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 Question types: objective, possible essay III. Some particular points: How do different types of climate and geography influence cultural strategies? What is some evidence that climate and geography influence, but do NOT determine culture? How have people adapted to the arctic region? Be able to describe two very distinct cultural strategies. Describe the different aspects of arctic environment that may be present. What factors in the arctic regions led to specific types of adaptations, or to specific types of challenges (besides it being cold)? How did the traditional Ojibwa and Yanomamo use culture to adapt to their own environments? How did gold mining affect Yanomamo life in the 1980s, 1990s? What was the Altimira Conference? How did the experience of the Yanomamo differ from that of the Kayapo?
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Key Terms for Week 1 anthropology - the study of human societies and cultures and their development. cultural anthropology - the branch of anthropology concerned with the study of human societies and cultures and their development. biological anthropology linguistic anthropology archaeology - the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of artifacts and other physical remains. culture biocultural holistic - characterized by comprehension of the parts of something as intimately interconnected and explicable only by reference to the whole. etic - relating to or denoting an approach to the study or description of a particular language or culture that is general, nonstructural, and objective in its perspective. emic perspectives relating to or denoting an approach to the study or description of a particular language or culture in terms of its internal elements and their functioning rather than in terms of any existing external scheme. • material culture symbolic culture ethnography - the scientific description of the customs of individual peoples and cultures. ethnocentrism - evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own culture. • enculturation - the gradual acquisition of the characteristics and norms of a culture or group by a person, another culture, etc. • cultural relativism
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• comparative method • participant observation • tacit knowledge • subsistence methods • hunter-gatherers carrying capacity - the number or quantity of people or things that can be conveyed or held by a vehicle or container.
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