Social Cohesion Like gangs in this sense Durkheims suicide study Social Control

Social cohesion like gangs in this sense durkheims

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Social Cohesion Like gangs in this sense Durkheim’s suicide study Social Control Religious Doctrine - Legal/value conformity Slows freethought, innovation, social reform Emotional Support Answer/meaning Resists social change Nature of Religion Rituals Baptisms, funerals, weddings, Bar Mitzvah, prayer, communion Belief Systems Animism: Nature has spirits, actions can alter nature Theism: Belief in god(s) Mono/poly Ethicalism: Moral principles have sacred value Organizational structures Denomination Sect Cult Religion in American Society Religious Participation 41% attend religious services regularly Religiosity: Importance of religion in one’s life Fundamentalist Christianity Growing group Believe in: Total accuracy/literal interpretation of the Bible Republicans Lecture: 4/3/17 Authority Power that people perceive as legitimate, not coercive Traditional Legitimized through tradition Royalty, family structures (Latinos) Rational-Legal Legitimized through law Checks and Balances,
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Charismatic Legitimized through personality Development of Politics Hunting and gathering Like family: Specialized roles Agrarian Societies Small elite gaining power Political States Restricted Governing Traditional monarchy Modern Nation-States Modern technology brought about larger-scale political systems referred to as nation-states The Monarchy Typical of Agrarian Societies Modern Example: Britain Absolute Monarchy Rulers Monopolizing power Constitutional Monarchies Modern-Day Monarchies More figurehead than ruler Political principles rule Elected official actually rules Democracies Representative Democracy Authority in hands of elected officials Rational-Legal reasoning has toes to democracies Use of extensive bureaucracies Extensive use of never elected petty bureaucrats Lecture: 4/5/17 Authoritarianism Absolute Monarchies Little or no voice in government for most people - political repression Government is often indifferent to people’s needs Government has no legal process to remove leadership - arbitrary law versus “rule of law” “Soft” Authoritarianism Heavy-handed government offering a “good life” to people
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Co-opt and attract versus coercive Creates strong sense of nationalism Totalitarianism Close monitoring of people Massive and protected efforts to collect huge amounts of information on populace People are expected to adhere to government wishes and are denied basic human rights Government indoctrination begins at an early age Fascism A political philosophy, movement, or regime that exalts the nation A doctoral leader Not always totalitarian Rely on symbolism Irrational Completely irrational It justifies giving all power to a single dictator Only happens when citizens feel deeply insecure - middle class Politics in America Cultural ties America’s Bill of Rights The political spectrum Liberal to conservative Economic Issues
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