the types of addiction considered to be a type of digital addiction and

The types of addiction considered to be a type of

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the types of addiction considered to be a type of digital addiction and translated into Turkish in the literature. The Problematic Internet Use Scale by Ceyhan, Ceyhan, and Gürcan (2007) [14], the Internet Addiction Scale developed by Nichols and Nicki (2004) and adapted to Turkish by Kayri and Günüç (2009) [15], and the Online Cognition Scale developed by Davis and translated into Turkish by Özcan and Buzlu (2005) [16] are examples of such scales. In addition, the Facebook Addiction Scale developed by Andreassen, Torsheim, Brunborg, and Pallesen (2012) and adapted to Turkish by Türkyılmaz (2015) [17 ], the Facebook Addiction Scale by Çam (2012) [9], the Digital Game Addiction Scale of Lemmens and his colleagues (2009) translated into Turkish by Irmak and Erdoğan [8 ], Kwon and her colleagues’ (2013) the Smart Phone Addiction Scale adapted to Turkish by Demirci, Orhan, Demirdas, Akpinar, and Sert (2014) [18], and Bianchi and Phillips’ (2005) the Problematic Mobile Phone Use Scale translated to Turkish by Şar and Işıklar (2012) [19 ] can be considered within the scope of digital addiction in terms of software and applications developed based on the Internet, and the tools making access to the Internet possible. The Internet is a network connecting all of the computers on the world to each other. In fact, since the Internet is a way enabling to share information [20], the software and applications developed based on the Internet and the tools made for using these software and applications may lead to the Internet addiction. That is, digital software and applications make the individual addicted to digital tools. Because of this, different digital tool and software addictions can be mentioned instead of the Internet addiction. Within this scope, the scales mentioned above can be said to be useful in measuring the different types of digital addiction. Therefore, the measurement tools being capable of covering all of such addictions as the Internet, computer, smart phone, game, and Facebook and of behavioral addictions which digital software applications and devices possibly entering our lives in the future will cause should be developed. This study aims to develop a scale which will be able to measure the digital addiction of the university students in line with this purpose. Aslan, Kırık, Karaman, and Çetinkaya (2015) [2 ] developed a digital addiction scale for Turkish university students, but this scale focuses only on game and social network use. With the scale aimed to be developed in this study, it can be possible to measure the addiction resulting from the use of digital tools for communication, game, shopping, watching a film etc. with a single scale. It can also be possible to compare the addiction levels of digital tools used for different purposes with one another and to determine which purpose for using digital tools is more effective in the development of addiction to digital tools.
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