between 2000 and 2016. In 2016, 3 billion peopl e (41 per cent of the world’s population) were still cooking with polluting fuel and stove combinations. 4 in 10 people still lack access to clean cooking fuels and technologies . Yet only 55 per cent of the renewable share was derived from modern forms of renewable energy. Goal 8: Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all Earning inequalities are still pervasive:- Globally, labour productivity has increased and the unemployment rate has decreased. Globally, 61 per cent of all workers were engaged in informal employment in 2016. Excluding the agricultural sector, 51 per cent of all workers fell into this employment category. The global unemployment rate in 2017 was 5.6 per cent, down from 6.4 per cent in Youth. Data from 45 countries suggest that gender inequality in earnings is still pervasive: in 89 per cent of these countries, the hourly wages of men are, on average, higher than those of women, with a median pay gap of 12.5 per cent. In high-income countries, almost every adult has an account at a bank or other financial institution, compared to only 35 per cent of adults in low- income countries. Across all regions, women lag behind men in this regard. Goal 9: Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation CO emissions intensity (kg CO /USD):- The global share of manufacturing value added in GDP increased from 15.2 per cent in 0.31 2005 to 16.3 per cent in 2017, driven by the fast growth of manufacturing in Asia. Globally, the carbon intensity decreased by 19 per cent from 2000 to 2015 from 0.38 to 0.31 kilograms of carbon dioxide per dollar of value added. By 2016, the proportion of the population covered by a third generation (3G) mobile broadband network stood at 61 per cent in the LDCs and 84 per cent globally. Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries:- Efforts have been made in some countries to reduce income inequality. Increase zero-tariff Products exported by SIDS facing access for exports from LDCs and developing countries, and provide additional assistance zero tarrifs increased by 20 per cent to LDCs and small island developing States (SIDS). In 2016, over 64.4 per cent of products exported by LDCs to world markets and 64.1 per cent of those from SIDS faced zero tariffs, an increase of 20 per cent since 2010. Developing countries overall had duty-free market access for about 50 per cent of all products exported in 2016. Goal 11: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable:- Between 2000 and 2014, the proportion of the global urban population living in slums dropped from 28.4 per cent to 22.8 per cent. However, the actual number of people living in slums increased from 807 million to 883 million. In 2016, 91 per cent of the urban populations worldwide were breathing air that did not meet the World Health Organization air quality guidelines value for particulate matter. In 2016, an estimated 4.2 million people died as a result of high levels of ambient air pollution. From 1990 to 2013, almost 90 per cent of deaths attributed to internationally reported disasters occurred in low- and middle-income countries which rise from 1990 onwards.
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- Summer '20
- Dr joseph