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12. Commitment to a plan of action is less likely to result in the preferred behaviorwhen challenging demands over which individuals have slight control demandurgent notice.13. Commitment to a plan of action is less likely to result in the desired behavior whenother actions are more appealing and thus favored over the objective behavior.14. Individuals can amend cognitions, affect, and the interpersonal and physicalenvironments to construct incentives of health actions [Pender et al, 2002, pp. 63-64] (p. 408).EvaluationThe basic conventions of Nola Pender’s HPM reproduce perceptions equally from thenursing and behavioral sciences (Nursing Theory, 2013). The health promotion model is createdon the assumptions that the individual healthy actions will be indorsed and maintained byparticipating intently in influencing and modifying their environment for healthy behaviors. Allof Pender’s assumptions of the theory are precise and testable. Nola Pender’s model list sevenassumptions:
PENDER’S THEORY ANALYSIS71.Persons find ways to establish living environments through which their distincthuman potential can be expressed. 2.Persons possess the ability for reflective self-awareness and to evaluate theirpersonal competencies.3.Person’s find worth in growth in ways seen as positive and try to accomplish apersonally reasonable balance regarding revision and permanency.4.Persons search for ways to control actively control personal behaviors.5.All of an individual’s bio-psychosocial complexity interacts with thesurroundings, both gradually transforming the environment and changed overtime.6.A segment of the interpersonal environment is form by health professionals,which impacts an individual during the course of their life.7.Self-initiated reconfiguration by the person-environment collaborative repetitionsis imperative for change in behavior (Butts and Rich, 2015).Nola Pender identifies 5 nursing ideas in her HPM. Person, environment, nursing, health,and illness are the five concepts named in Pender’s theory. The person is described asbiophysical organisms that are molded as a result of the environment, but look for ways to forman atmosphere that human capabilities can be expressed entirely (Nursing Theory, 2013). Theenvironments, which include physical, interpersonal, and economic are ways in which a personlives according to Butts and Rich. (Butts and Rich, 2015). Nursing is defined as collaboratingwith individuals, families, and the community to form a most promising condition that conveysideal health and elite well-being (Nursing Theory, 2013). Health is looked at as life changingexperiences. According to Butts and Rich (2015) health is defined as, the realization of naturaland learned human prospective through behaviors that are goal-directed, experienced self-carealong with fulfilling relations with others, while changes are formulated as needed to sustainstructural integrity and coordination with pertinent environments. The fifth concept Pender
PENDER’S THEORY ANALYSIS8incorporates her HPM is illness. Pender defines illness as a separate experience in life capable ofhindering or helping a patient continuous pursuit for health (Nursing Theory, 2013). Pender’s