12 commitment to a plan of action is less likely to

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12. Commitment to a plan of action is less likely to result in the preferred behavior when challenging demands over which individuals have slight control demand urgent notice. 13. Commitment to a plan of action is less likely to result in the desired behavior when other actions are more appealing and thus favored over the objective behavior. 14. Individuals can amend cognitions, affect, and the interpersonal and physical environments to construct incentives of health actions [Pender et al, 2002, pp. 63- 64] (p. 408). Evaluation The basic conventions of Nola Pender’s HPM reproduce perceptions equally from the nursing and behavioral sciences (Nursing Theory, 2013). The health promotion model is created on the assumptions that the individual healthy actions will be indorsed and maintained by participating intently in influencing and modifying their environment for healthy behaviors. All of Pender’s assumptions of the theory are precise and testable. Nola Pender’s model list seven assumptions:
PENDER’S THEORY ANALYSIS 7 1. Persons find ways to establish living environments through which their distinct human potential can be expressed. 2. Persons possess the ability for reflective self-awareness and to evaluate their personal competencies. 3. Person’s find worth in growth in ways seen as positive and try to accomplish a personally reasonable balance regarding revision and permanency. 4. Persons search for ways to control actively control personal behaviors. 5. All of an individual’s bio-psychosocial complexity interacts with the surroundings, both gradually transforming the environment and changed over time. 6. A segment of the interpersonal environment is form by health professionals, which impacts an individual during the course of their life. 7. Self-initiated reconfiguration by the person-environment collaborative repetitions is imperative for change in behavior (Butts and Rich, 2015). Nola Pender identifies 5 nursing ideas in her HPM. Person, environment, nursing, health, and illness are the five concepts named in Pender’s theory. The person is described as biophysical organisms that are molded as a result of the environment, but look for ways to form an atmosphere that human capabilities can be expressed entirely (Nursing Theory, 2013). The environments, which include physical, interpersonal, and economic are ways in which a person lives according to Butts and Rich. (Butts and Rich, 2015). Nursing is defined as collaborating with individuals, families, and the community to form a most promising condition that conveys ideal health and elite well-being (Nursing Theory, 2013). Health is looked at as life changing experiences. According to Butts and Rich (2015) health is defined as, the realization of natural and learned human prospective through behaviors that are goal-directed, experienced self-care along with fulfilling relations with others, while changes are formulated as needed to sustain structural integrity and coordination with pertinent environments. The fifth concept Pender
PENDER’S THEORY ANALYSIS 8 incorporates her HPM is illness. Pender defines illness as a separate experience in life capable of hindering or helping a patient continuous pursuit for health (Nursing Theory, 2013). Pender’s

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