Cooperation with whites garvey favored a back to

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cooperation with whites, Garvey favored a “Back to Africa” movement thatwould ultimately repatriate many black Americans to their ancestral homelandson the African continentIn addition to offering a revival of black cultural heritage and providing an outlet fordreams of economic advancement, Garvey tapped into the racial discontent of AfricanAmericans for whom living in the US had proved so difficult Culture WarsAttacks on traditional cultural and racial values did not go uncontestedDuring this era when technological innovations overturned traditional economic values,it is not surprising that many segments of the population resisted these changesProhibitionAfter decades of efforts to combat the use of alcohol, the 18thamendment passed,which banned its manufacture and saleoSupporters claimed that prohibition would promote family stability, improvemorals, and prevent crimeEnforcing this attempt to promote traditional values proved to be the problemoIn rural areas “moonshiners” took grain and processed it into liquoroIn big cities, clubs known as speakeasies offered illegal alcohol and theentertainment to keep their customers satisfiedNativists versus ImmigrantsProhibition reflected the surge in nativist (anti-immigrant) and racial thinking that inmany ways revealed long-standing fearsThe Sacco and Vanzetti case provides the most dramatic evidence of nativism oIn 1920 a botched robbery in Massachusetts resulted in the murder of 2employeesFord joined other nativists in supporting legislation to restrict immigrationoIn 1924 Congress passed the National Origins Act, a quota system on futureimmigration oThe measured limited entry by an foreign group to 2% of the number of peoplethat nationality who resided in the US in 1890oThe statute’s authors were interested primarily in curbing immigration fromeastern and southern EuropeWith immigration of those considered “undesirable” severely if not completely curtailed,some nativist reformers shifted their attention to Americanization, which developed intoone of the largest social and political movements in American HistoryoSpeaking about immigrants, educator E.P. Cubberly said, “Our task is to break uptheir groups and settlements, to assimilate and amalgamate these people as partof our American race…”oIn the Southwest on the West Coast, whites aimed their Americanization effortsat growing population of Mexican Americans
Subject to segregated education, Mexican Americans were expected tospeak English in their classes In 1924, the Indian Citizenship Act granted citizenship and the right to vote for allAmerican IndianResurrection of the Ku Klux KlanNativism received its most spectacular boost from the reemergence of the KKKoIn addition to blacks, the new Klan targeted Catholics and Jews, as well as anyonewho was alleged to have violated community moral valuesRevived by W.J. Simmons, a former Methodist minister, the new Klan celebrated its

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