TEST 5 [CH 4, 6, 7 & 8] Review summary.docx

Histoplasmosis is an infection caused by breathing in

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Histoplasmosis is an infection caused by breathing in spores of a fungus often found in bird and bat droppings Linear Gingival Erythema (LGE) A gingival manifestation of immunosuppression associated with HIV infection There is a relationship of candidiasis to linear gingival erythema in HIV infections inflammation that is exaggerated for the amount of plaque present. Clinical Manifestations Distinct red band on free gingiva. No LOA No BOP Does not respond well to improved oral self-care or professional therapy Gingivitis Manifestations of Systemic Conditions two categories: Mucocutaneous Disorders Lichen Planus* Pemphigoid Pemphigoid is caused by a malfunction of the immune system and results in skin rashes and blistering on the legs, arms, abdomen and on the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, mouth, and vagina. Pemphigus vulgaris is an autoimmune disorder. The body produces antibodies against specific proteins in the skin and mucus membranes. Erythema multiforme* Lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. Drug-induced Allergic Reactions Dental materials and Consumer Products* Clusters of small vesicles that rupture headache Fever Swollen lymph nodes Very contagious during the vesicular stage! be spread to eyes by touching the mouth and then eyes. be spread to others by kissing Frequent washing include toys no sharing contaminated items
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Gingival Manifestations of Systemic Conditions: Lichen Planus Disease of the skin and mucous membranes May be an allergic or immune reaction Rarely seen in children Chronic, can last for years Exact cause unknown Characteristics by an itchy, swollen rash on the skin or in the mouth intense redness of the gingiva ulcerations interlacing white lines (Wickham striae) may be present. raised white lesions may be present. Gingival Manifestations of Systemic Conditions: Erythema Multiforme disorder of the skin and mucous membranes may be due to allergic reaction or infection Characteristics large red blotches, resembling targets, appear all over the skin. blisters and ulcers occur on the oral mucous membranes. ulcerations of the gingiva crust formation on the lower lip unknown cause, but may be a hypersentitivity reaction Allergic Reactions of the Gingiva: Can occur to ingredients in toothpastes, mouthwashes, or chewing gum Usually a result of a flavor additive/preservative Two common additive to cause reaction: cinnamon carvone is a member of a family of chemicals called terpenoids and is found naturally in many essential oils, but is most abundant in the oils from seeds of caraway and dill.
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  • Spring '16
  • Anderson
  • dental plaque, Gingiva, Periodontitis, Periodontal Diseases, gingival diseases

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