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DSST World Religion Notes

Apostle paul was known as saul of tarsus before his

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Apostle Paul – was known as “Saul of Tarsus” before his conversion to Christianity, he was a Pharisee who violently persecuted the followers of Jesus, he experienced a miraculous vision on the road to Damascus and converted Stephen – (one of seven deacons to assist Apostles) was stoned by the Jewish audience (Sanhedrin) (Acts 6-7) Paul’s preaching that belief in Jesus replaced the need to follow the Laws of Moses caused the separation of Judaism and Christianity - true separation occurred when Paul declared the Dietary Laws and Laws of Circumcision void (as declared in the Laws of Moses) Strength and Weakness of Christianity – decision to allow Gentiles (non-Jews) to become Christian without converting to Judaism first - strength quick growth, weakness caused major schism between Christians and Jews Growth of Christianity – throughout Roman Empire, cities and roads, common Greek language, political stability and no official religion Christianity made two additions to the Jewish worship – baptism and communion (Eucharist) event of commemoration of death of Jesus and then became symbolic ritual in which the bread and wine represented body and blood of Christ Epistles of Paul – early letters where Paul offers guidance to early Christians to Roman world, represent understanding of life, death, and resurrection of Jesus 14 of the 27 books of the New Testaments are letters Paul wrote the congregations Gnostics – they denied the humanity of Jesus, saying he was only a spirit Gospel of Thomas – located in the Nag Hammadi library on the west bank of Nile in Egypt, in 1945 farmers discovered 13 leather bound books sealed in earthenware jar, included a large number of Gnostic scriptures Apostles of Creed – the early orthodox Christian statement of faith
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The Apostles' Creed , which in its present form is later, is also broadly accepted in the West , but is not used in the East . One or other of these two creeds is recited in the Roman Rite Mass directly after the homily on all Sundays and Solemnities ( Tridentine Feasts of the First Class). In the Byzantine Rite Liturgy , the Nicene Creed is recited on all occasions, following the Litany of Supplication. In the Roman Catholic Church, the Nicene Creed is part of the profession of faith [3] required of those undertaking important functions within the Church Simon Peter – first bishop of the Roman Church – whom Christ predicted in the Gospels would become the cornerstone of church – The Church of Rome Reign of Constantine – first Christian Roman emperor Edith of Milan – in 313 Constantine issued the Edict of Milan giving Christianity the same status and privileges as other religions, he was baptized before his death and officially became a Christian Augustine – born in 34 – wrote the classic books of Confessions and City of God – best known for ideas of original sin, the fall of man and predestination Pelagius – rejected Augustine’s teachings on predestination and believed mankind was free to act as it would Roman Empire – persecuted Christians because they did not acknowledge the state religions and worship the
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Apostle Paul was known as Saul of Tarsus before his...

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