On returning from leave employee must be restored to

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On returning from leave, employee must be restored to their original position (or comparable position with equivalent pay and benefits) unless “key employee” involved whose pay falls within the top 10 percent of the firm’s workforce. Family and Medical Leave Act 12
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The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 This fundamental federal law administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) imposes on employers a general duty to keep the workplace safe. OSHA requires that employers post certain notices, maintain specific records, submit reports to OSHA and provide access to OSHA inspectors. Worker Health and Safety 13
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State workers’ compensation laws establish an administrative procedure for compensating workers accidentally injured on the job or during the course of employment. Employers purchase insurance from a private insurer or a state fund to pay workers compensation benefits to injured employees. In consideration of the employer’s provision of compensation benefits, the worker is precluded from suing the employer for injuries caused by the employer’s negligence. State Workers’ Compensation Laws 14
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Federal and state governments participate in insurance programs designed to protect employees and their families from the financial impact of retirement, disability, death, hospitalization and unemployment. The Social Security Act (passed in 1935) provides for older-age retirement, survivors’, and disability insurance. Both employees and employers must “contribute” under the provisions of the Federal Insurance Contributions Act. Currently, an employer withholds 6.2 percent of employee’s wages up to a maximum wage base of $118,500 and matches this contribution. Income Security 15
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Medicare (established under the Social Security Act Amendments of 1965) is a health-insurance program for people 65 years of age or older (in some cases, younger) which like Social Security is funded by “contributions” from both the employee and the employer. Both the employer and the employee are required to pay 1.45 percent of all wages and salaries; there is no cap on the amount of wages subject to the Medicare tax . Thus, for Social Security and Medicare together, employer and employee each paid 7.65 percent of the first $118,500 of income for a combined total of %15.3 percent. Self- employed persons (independent contractors) pay both the employer and employee portions of the Social Security and Medicare Taxes.
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  • Spring '08
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