So you can maintain eye contact with your audience Additional Key Terms

So you can maintain eye contact with your audience

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- So you can maintain eye contact with your audience Additional Key Terms: bibliography, delivery cues Chapter 13 1. What is the difference between denotative and connotative meaning? *Denotative Words: dictionary meaning, the actual or objective definition, no opinion, tells what something is *Connotative Words: the meaning and feeling we associate with a word or phrase based on personal experiences and beliefs, and as opposed to the dictionary definition of that word (The personnel or emotional association called by award that go beyond its dictionary meaning) Denotative definitions are the agreed-upon meanings of words that are often found in dictionaries, whereas connotative definitions involve individual perceptions of words. 2. How does language help create our sense of reality? It gives meaning to events. Words used to label a event makes a difference on how we respond to it. 3. What are the criteria for using language effectively in your speeches? 4 criteria for using language effectively for speeches: *Accurately *Clearly *Vividly *Appropriately 3 Things you should do to use language clearly for speeches: i. Use familiar words ii. Choose concrete words iii. Eliminate clutter 2 ways to bring your speeches to life with vivid, animated language: i. Imagery ii. Rhythm
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COMM 1110 Fall 2019 4. Why is it so important to use inclusive language in your speeches? Because audiences expect public speakers to be mindful of different groups that make up our American society. What 4 usages of inclusive language have become so widely accepted that no speaker can afford to ignore them? i. Avoid the generic "He" ii. Avoid the use of "Man" when describing Men and Woman iii. Avoid stereotyping jobs and social roles by gender iv. Use names that groups use to identify themselves 5. How do you create imagery in your speech? Imagery is the use of language to represent objects, actions, or ideas. The goal of imagery is to help an audience member create a mental picture of what a speaker is saying. A speaker who uses imagery successfully will tap into one or more of the audience’s five basic senses (hearing, taste, touch, smell, and sight). Three common tools of imagery are concreteness, simile, and metaphor . i) Concrete words ii) Simile iii) Metaphor 6. In what ways can you create a sense of rhythm in your speech? Rhythm refers to the patterned, recurring variance of elements of sound or speech. Whether someone is striking a drum with a stick or standing in front of a group speaking, rhythm is an important aspect of human communication. Think about your favorite public speaker. If you analyze his or her speaking pattern, you’ll notice that there is a certain cadence to the speech. While much of this cadence is a result of the nonverbal components of speaking, some of the cadence comes from the language that is chosen as well. Let’s examine four types of rhythmic language: parallelism, repetition, alliteration, and assonance.
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