[B._Beckhoff,_et_al.]_Handbook_of_Practical_X-Ray_(b-ok.org).pdf

Diffraction limited resolution 116 169 171175 direct

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diffraction limited resolution, 116, 169, 171–175 direct excitation, 311, 317, 322, 324, 329, 331, 332, 334, 369, 379, 380 discriminant (- method, - function), 724, 774, 776, 777 dose (radiation-), 64, 312, 490, 491, 697, 736, 754, 835–844 ambient dose equivalent H*(10), 839 effective dose, 837 - limits, 839, 840, 843, 844 personal dose equivalent H p (10), 838 EDS (- microanalysis), see energy dispersive spectroscopy effective wavelength, equivalent wavelength, 331 efficiency, see detection efficiency electrodeposition, 608, 609, 616, 618
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854 Index electron microprobe analysis (EMPA), 639, 645, 648, 669, 670–672, 682, 685, 699, 711, 719 electronic focal spot, 41 elemental composition, 85, 433, 470, 474, 621, 625, 632, 633, 638, 714–716, 719–724, 727, 728, 730, 731 EMMA see (micro-XRF) empirical influence coefficient, 310, 334, 336, 342 energy dispersive XRF (EDXRF), 284, 291, 300–302 energy resolution, 209, 210, 263, 271, 272, 547 statistical energy resolution, 211 energy spectrum, 57, 62 energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), 284, 480, 481, 658–661, 667 energy-dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDXRD), 659, 662 energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF), 52, 144, 145, 151–155, 284, 291, 299–302, 429, 444, 609, 611, 622–625, 641–643, 645, 647, 648, 650, 651, 653, 655, 657, 669, 686, 692–698, 701–712, 741, 745, 772–777, 781 energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence using HOPG, 144, 145, 151–154 energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXRS), 155, 503, 659, 730, 769, 770, 773, 774 enhancement (-effect), 16, 144, 334, 337, 338, 339, 340, 344, 351, 352, 355–359, 364, 366, 369, 373, 379, 380, 400, 492, 559, 561, 562, 590 enrichment, (de-, depletion), 457, 517, 600, 636, 637, 640, 653, 656, 675, 676, 678, 679, 693, 697, 702, 703, 705, 709, 744 environmental materials, (geology, mining), 645, 646, 652, 674, 675 clay, 647, 657 depleted uranium (DU), 633, 639 granitic rocks, 646 granitoids, 647, 670 drinking water, 606, 607, 610, 616 hot particles, 636, 639 humic substances, 619 leaves, 735, 736, 758 magmatic rocks, 640 metamorph(-ic) rocks, 640, 644, 670 metamorphism, 640 metasomatism, 640, 675 mine waste, 642 mineralization, 640, 643, 646, 647, 652, 653, 656, 687 mineral(s), 641, 644, 645, 647, 653, 657, 659, 668–672, 675, 676, 679, 680, 682, 685, 687, 691, 697–699 xenotime, 670 zircon, 645, 657, 670, 672 mining, 640, 641, 646, 647, 653, 655, 686 monazite, 642, 669–672, 680 ore, 641, 643, 646, 647, 656, 657, 675, 708–711 rain water, 606, 609 river water, 605, 612 rock (hard -), 640–648, 651–653, 657, 659, 670, 674, 695, 697, 698 rock units, 643, 644, 646, 652 salt, 644, 647, 648, 657, 686 seawater, 605, 606, 608, 617, 618 sediment, 635, 636, 644, 646, 651, 652, 655 shales, 647 soil, 640, 642, 643, 655, 675 soil analysis, 602 soil particle, 632–634 volcanic rocks, 644 weathering, 640, 652, 655 water analysis, 607, 609, 614, 616, 618–620 water sampling, 605 wood, 699, 755, 759, EPMA (electron probe micro analysis), 601, 603, 627–629, 631–634, 639 error-propagation, 398 escape peak (-process), 206, 207, 216, 221, 480, 485, 505–507, 533, 534, 564, 591, 769 exploration, 640, 642–646, 653, 686 extended X-ray absorption fine struc- ture (EXAFS), 680, 681, 685, 686
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Index 855 Fano factor, 211, 212, 221, 270 filament current, 42, 43 filter (X-ray), 2, 13, 37, 53, 88, 110, 152–155, 202, 203, 481, 488, 501, 502, 526, 534, 550, 564, 568, 569, 582, 613, 622, 641, 665, 672, 733, 742, 743, 753, 756, 770 fluorescence tomography, 473, 491, 492, 495 fluorescence (fluorescent) yield, 221, 309, 317, 318, 339, 472, 503, 505, 510, 519, 547, 619, 632, 655, 681, 682, 683 forensic research, 712, 714 - examination, 719 car paint, 712, 715, 718 criminalistic traces, 713, 715 glass microtrace, - fragment, 715, 721–736 gunshot residue (GSR), 725–727, 736 oil stains, 715, 719 paint chip, 715, 716, 718, 719 paint traces, 715 FP, see fundamental parameter Fraunhofer diffraction, 113, 114 Fresnel diffraction, 112, 113 Fresnel–Kirchhoff diffraction, 112, 171 fundamental (influence) coefficient, 347, 356, 357 fundamental parameter method (FP method), 5, 8, 11, 17, 19, 25, 309–327, 481, 614, 650, 734 fundamental parameter, 144, 347, 403, 436, 555, 614, 628, 651, 674, 706, 769 fundamental parameter method for the practical analysis of layers and materials, 555 gas proportional counter, ( see also detector), 211, 212, 216–218, 290
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