The LTI system xn hn yn stdnoise 03 omega 3 t 50025 noise randnsizet stdnoise x

# The lti system xn hn yn stdnoise 03 omega 3 t 50025

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% The LTI system: x[n] --> h[n] --> y[n] std_noise = 0.3; omega = 3; t = -5:0.02:5; noise = randn(size(t)) * std_noise; x = cos(omega * t) + noise; h = [1 1 0.7 0.3]; % Impulse response (lowpass filter) h = h / norm(h, 1); % some normalization y = conv(x, h); y = y(1:length(t)); figure(1), subplot(3, 1, 1), plot(t, x, 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel(sprintf( 'x = cos(%2.1f t)' , omega)); xlabel( 't' ); subplot(3, 1, 2), plot(t, y, 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel( 'y=h*x' ); xlabel( 't' ); w = -pi:0.02:pi; H = zeros(size(w)); % frequency response e_jn = exp(-1i * (0:length(h) - 1)); for i = 1:length(w) w_i = w(i); H_w_i = sum(h .* (e_jn .^ w_i)); % DTFT equation H(i) = H_w_i; end subplot(3, 1, 3), plot(w, abs(H), 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel( '|H(\Omega)|' ); xlabel( '\Omega' ); set(gca, 'XTick' , [-pi, 0, pi]); set(gca, 'XTickLabel' , { '-\pi' , '0' , '\pi' }); Low pass filter [Online Matlab]

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Demo – Filtering using Matlab 28-Mar-19 EIE3001 Sig & Sys, Spring 2019 38 % This script demonstrates time domain and frequency domain % characteristics for a discrete-time filter h[n]. % The LTI system: x[n] --> h[n] --> y[n] std_noise = 0.3; omega = 3; t = -5:0.02:5; noise = randn(size(t)) * std_noise; x = cos(omega * t) + noise; h = [1 -0.8 0.2]; % Impulse response (high pass filter) h = h / norm(h, 1); % some normalization y = conv(x, h); y = y(1:length(t)); figure(1), subplot(3, 1, 1), plot(t, x, 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel(sprintf( 'x = cos(%2.1f t)' , omega)); xlabel( 't' ); subplot(3, 1, 2), plot(t, y, 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel( 'y=h*x' ); xlabel( 't' ); w = -pi:0.02:pi; H = zeros(size(w)); % frequency response e_jn = exp(-1i * (0:length(h) - 1)); for i = 1:length(w) w_i = w(i); H_w_i = sum(h .* (e_jn .^ w_i)); % DTFT equation H(i) = H_w_i; end subplot(3, 1, 3), plot(w, abs(H), 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel( '|H(\Omega)|' ); xlabel( '\Omega' ); set(gca, 'XTick' , [-pi, 0, pi]); set(gca, 'XTickLabel' , { '-\pi' , '0' , '\pi' }); [Online Matlab] FT High pass filter
Demo – Modulation using Matlab 28-Mar-19 EIE3001 Sig & Sys, Spring 2019 39 % This script demonstrates the time domain and frequency domain % characteristics for a modulation system dt = 0.01; t = -3:dt:3; x = zeros(size(t)); x(t > -0.5 & t < 0.5) = 0.95; f = 10; % Modulation using f = 10 Hz cosine wave omega = 2 * pi * f; c = cos(omega * t); y = x .* c; % time domain signals figure(2), subplot(4, 1, 1), plot(t, x, 'linewidth' , 1.5); ylabel( 'x(t)' ); xlabel( 't [sec]' ); subplot(4, 1, 2), plot(t, y, 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel( 'y(t)' ); xlabel( 't [sec]' ); % frequency domain df = 0.1; w = (- 2 * f: df: 2 * f) * (2 * pi); F = exp(-1i * w(:) * t) * dt; X = F * x(:); Y = F * y(:); subplot(4, 1, 3), plot(w/(2*pi), abs(X), 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel( '|X(\omega)|' ); xlabel( '\omega / 2\pi [Hz]' ); xlim([-20 20]); subplot(4, 1, 4), plot(w/(2*pi), abs(Y), 'linewidth' , 1.0); ylabel( '|Y(\omega)|' ); xlabel( '\omega / 2\pi [Hz]' ); FT Modulation using 10 Hz sinusoid [Online Matlab]

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Demo - Explanation of the Two-line Code for Fourier Transform 28-Mar-19 EIE3001 Sig & Sys, Spring 2019 40 F = exp(-1i * w(:) * t) * dt; X = F * x(:);
Summary and Remark ¾ Expected learning outcome Be able to explain the characteristics and issues of ideal filters and several non-ideal filters (e.g., causality, Gibbs phenomenon) Be able to explain the basic concepts of filtering (modifying amplitudes of each exponential components separately) and modulation (moving the spectrum of the signal) Be able to connect these concepts and issues with the mathematical tools we have learned so far (LTI system property, convolution, Fourier transform, convolution/multiplication properties). ¾ Suggested reading: Filtering: Sections 4.5, 5.4 Modulation: Sections 8.0 – 8.4. 28-Mar-19 EIE3001 Sig & Sys, Spring 2019 41
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