Literature tanakh jewish bible comprising torah 5

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Literature Tanakh = Jewish Bible comprising Torah (5 books of Moses), Nevi’im (the prophets), and Kethuvim (the writings). Torah = Genesis, Exodus, Liviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Mishnah = 200 CE. Teachings of rabbis for the way of life. Talmud = collection of rabbinic teachings. Midrash = Rabbinic exposition
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Historical Development Traditional View: Moses composed the five books of the Bible Historical View: Documentary Hypothesis = texts as human composition, historical evolution: (J-E-D-P): J: texts mentioning Yahweh (sacred mountain Sainai) E: texts using Elohim (sacred mountain Horbeb) D: Deuteronomy: rejects worshipping Yahweh at many sites (Jerusalem temple): description of the prophetic movements during 8-7 C/ BCE P: Priestly source (it offers a literary blueprint for rebuilding the Temple (586-539 BCE)
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Rituals Covenant (an agreement with God) God’s favor = Passover = a Jewish holiday (Egyptian connection) Transformation: Animal sacrifice stopped after the destruction of the first temple. Sabbath day and six days for working.
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