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Ectomorphs thin fragile and delicate body mesomorphs

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Ectomorphs: thin, fragile, and delicate body Mesomorphs are more likely to be aggressive, violent, and delinquent. Modern Biological Theory Biological Theories Biosocial hypotheses The tendency to commit crime is genetically passed from parent to offspring Neurotransmitter levels are related to antisocial behavior Hormone levels are related to antisocial behavior People with low levels of arousal are more likely to be criminal AMERICAN CRIMINOLOGY IS NOW DOMINATED BY ENVIRONMENTAL EXPLANATIONS TO CRIME Neighborhoods Peers Families However, a few theorists have explored biological effects and crime. Biosocial hypotheses The tendency to commit crime is genetically passed from parent to offspring Neurotransmitter levels are related to antisocial behavior Hormone levels are related to antisocial behavior People with low levels of arousal are more likely to be criminal Adrian Raine Obstetric factors and behavior Minor physical anomalies Pregnancy disorder--neural mal-development that occurs with the first three months of pregnancy is linked to violent crimes but not property crimes BUT, when these subjects were divided in groups of unstable, non-intact homes, and stable homes –MPA predicted violence in unstable homes Therefore, a socio-biological effect Obstetric and behavior Prenatal nicotine exposure There is a positive relationship between cigarette smoking, conduct disorder, and violence. Birth complications Complications during birth is related to impulsivity, conduct disorder, delinquency, and violent crimes Neurological factors and behavior Neuroendocrinology Crime is due to an imbalance in the body’s chemicals An imbalance in estrogen and progesterone is related to behavioral problems
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Depression, irritability, and temporary psychosis are due to chemical imbalance Postpartum depression (PPD) syndrome: depression after giving birth—
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Ectomorphs thin fragile and delicate body Mesomorphs are...

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