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that this would have the effect of kind of keeping dreyfus’s case in the public eye and preventing the public from moving onto other matters-Mathieu hired an English company to circulate a rumor in English newspapers that Alfred had escaped and obviously theFrench papers pick up this rumor and one of the newspapers let slip that there was a secret dossier that was shown to thejury-The government is under pressure of scrutiny + being challenged + people start asking why was Dreyfus arrested, what wasthe evidence and even right wing presses were asking-the military commanders in France leaked to the press that there was a secret dossier but couldn't show because it'snational security but trust us there's really proof but then when that was published this permitted Dreyfus’s side to nowname explicitly the problem of this procedural unfairness and so this leads to Lucy writing a letter to the government sayingbecause there’s a secret dossier that was shown to the jury in the court martial there is a miscarriage of justice and theDreyfus’s family also hired a political agitator Bernard Lazare, an anarchist who wrote about Jewish issues and anarchismand was a critical of the government-Bernard lazar had prepared ahead of time a pamphlet detailing the how flimsy the cases against Dreyfus in this pamphletwas circulated + given to other government officials and was covered in the newspaper and so Lucy's letter followed byBernard pamphlet generated tons of buzz + created a lot of concern as news gets its own dynamic one of the newspaperspublishes the bordereau, the original document that the cleaning lady found that was said to have been written by Dreyfuseven though the handwriting doesn't match-Mathieu sees the bordereau and compares the bordereau and his brothers handwriting + makes a tons of copies + has themplastered all over Paris so the average citizen can see for him or herselfGeorge Picquart-March of 96, the true spy was discovered in the intelligence Bureau so at this point the intelligence Bureau did not knowwho the true spy was they assumed that it was dreyfus and they wanted to believe that but no one really knew but whathappened is that there's a new leader of the statistics Bureau by the name of George Picquart and he replaces John Sanderand Picquart is responsible for receiving all the new pieces of evidence that would come from this garbage bin in theGerman embassy. So it would run through the statistics Bureau and it would come across George Picquart desk and hefound a new document that he discovers in March of 96 called the Petiit-bleu, it’s a piece of paper that you would get if youwant to send a telegram. This Petiit-bleu had a message on it and it was ripped up, it was pieced together in the Frenchstatistics Bureau and the message was addressed to a French officer by the name ofWalzin Esterhazy-Picquartrealized that the Germans are speaking to a French officer, there’s another spy but when he looked at sample of hishandwriting it’s the exact match to the handwriting on the Bureau-In

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Dreyfus affair, Emile Zola, Alfred Dreyfus, Mathieu Dreyfus

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