In march 1857 chief justice taney delivered his

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In March 1857, Chief Justice Taney delivered his ruling, finding that Scott was not a citizen of the United States and as such was not a free man and additionally that Congress had no power to ban slavery from any territory. This ruling effectively made the Missouri Compromise null and void. The make up of the justices was five of the nine were from southern states where slavery was the norm, this likely had a large impact on the opinion issued. The vote was 7-2 in favor of the opinion issued. This created a very large amount of uncertainty in the north and emboldened the south.Norton, M.B. (2015).2.Another major event that contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War was the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The Kansas-Nebraska act sought to make the rulings on slavery an issue for the individual territories, an idea known as popular sovereignty. By making it the individual territories right to approve or decline slavery the Kansas-Nebraska Act effectively overruled the existing Missouri Compromise. This greatly upset the northerners as they felt it was a betrayal of trust. The vote to approve the Kansas-Nebraska act was a tight one, with approval coming at a vote of 113 to 100. The act devastated the political parties leading to a Whig Party which split into northern and southern factions and Democrats who ended up losing their northern support as evidenced by the 1854 elections where they ended up losing sixty-six of their ninety-onecongressional seats. Norton, M.B. (2015).3.The last major event that contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War was the election of1860. At the time the nation was deeply divided, and many believed the election would decide the fate of union. Leading up to election the Democratic party ended up splitting during their convention in South Carolina. This resulted in the Democrats putting forth two nominations, Stephen Douglas of the north wing and John C. Breckenridge, current Vice President, for the southern wing. The Republican Party put forth Abraham Lincoln who had a well noted opposition to slavery. Lincoln won the election via the electoral college, but it was not without controversy as he only received forty percent of the votes and was not even on the ballot in ten southern slave states. Ahead of Lincoln’s victory there was a growing movement in the southern states to secede if Lincoln won the election. On December 20, 1860 South Carolina passed an ordinance of secession with six other states following suit by holding their own conventions and passing secession bills. By February 1861 those states had come together to form the Confederate States of America, thus setting the stage for the Civil War. Norton, M.B.(2015).E. Norton, M.B. (2015).A people & a nation.Retrieved from
C121 SURVEY OF U.S. HISTORY TASK 3 5

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