Highest incidence among sexually active teenagers & young adults. Ejaculation not necessary for transmission For more on gonorrhea see
What does the basketball coach tell the guys about ejaculation, STI’s & pregnancy when he has to teach sex education? “Withdrawal is not effective because… you always dribble before you shoot !”
Syphilis Caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum Since 2000 there has been a steady rise in diagnoses of primary and secondary syphilis, especially in 15 – 24 year olds. For more on syphilis go to
In 2016 CA had 4,972 new cases (highest rate in the US)
Syphilis Contracted through direct contact with a syphilis sore (external genitals, vagina, anus or in rectum) Partners must be notified and treated (not easy to tell if partner is infected because sores may be hidden)
Primary syphilis - chancre
The sore that develops where primary syphilis enters the body, called a chancre, disappears after a week. Then the disease moves on to the secondary stage: skin rash
Secondary syphilis rash
Late stage: damage to brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints. May lead to dementia & death Since it’s a bacteria – it can be cured by antibiotics (penicillin)
Late syphilis - ulcerating gumma
Congenital syphilis - perforation of palate
Famous People Who Died Of Syphilis: Christopher Columbus: the spread of syphilis across the globe was probably sparked by Columbus and his crew. Napoleon Bonaparte Franz Schubert, one of the most gifted musicians and composers of the 19th century Al Capone, who ran the Chicago mafia in the 1930s
HIV/AIDS H uman I mmunodeficiency V irus vs. A cquired I mmuno d eficiency S yndrome: When you are “HIV positive” it means… you have contracted the virus, but you may not be sick yet… When you have “AIDS” it means… the virus is making you sick by weakening your immune system
HIV/AIDS Transmission of the virus occurs when any of the following fluids from an infected person enter a new body: - blood - semen - pre-seminal fluid - vaginal fluid - breast milk
HIV/AIDS Transmission of the virus occurs during: sex (vaginal, oral, anal) with infected person sharing needles women to their babies during birth or during breast feeding For more on HIV go to
HIV/AIDS Possible warning signs of HIV infection: – rapid weight loss – dry cough – recurring fever or night sweats – profound fatigue – swollen lymph glands – white spots on tongue, mouth, throat – red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on skin
HIV/AIDS incidence: (CDC) New HIV infections in the US: 37,600 (2014 est). 1/2 of new HIV infections are in people under 25 - the majority are infected sexually – including heterosexual encounters! Females account for 47% of HIV cases in 13-24 year olds
HIV prevalence: Just in the United States, about 1.2 million people are living with HIV Nearly 1 in 5 people with HIV (240,000) in the US do NOT know they are infected.
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- Spring '14
- Sexual intercourse, Human sexual behavior, Oral sex, Human papillomavirus, Sexually transmitted diseases and infections