Presidential policy directive 8 ppd 8 2011 provides

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Presidential Policy Directive 8 (PPD-8, 2011) provides guidance for how the nation, from the Federal level to private citizens, can prevent, protect, mitigate, respond to and recover from threats. The following 3 make up a national doctrine for preparedness o National Preparedness Guidelines (NPG) o National Response Framework (NRF) o Emergency Support Function 8 (ESF-8) Public health and Medical National Incident Management System (NIMS) is a unified all discipline, all hazards approach to domestic incident management. Gives a common language and structure for all those involved in disaster response to communicate effectively and efficiently. Nursing and Disaster o Respond quickly o Clinically competent to provide safe, appropriate, individual and population- based care In disasters, nurses tend to be: o First receivers of inured victims. o First responders to render emergency aid and triage. Healthy people 2020 o Disaster incidents have an effect on almost every objective . o Disasters play a direct role in the objectives related to the following: Environmental health Food safety Immunization and infectious disease Mental health and mental disorders Life cycle of a disaster=disaster continuum o Three phases Pre-incident Trans-incident Post-incident o Actions taken during these phases will affect the extent of: Injury. Illness. Death. Disaster planning
o Address needs assessment o Event management o Recovery efforts Support systems are vital for: o Medical treatment and supplies. o Shelter. o Food. o Water. Prevent mortalities and morbidities as after effects of a disaster 3 Cs of disaster response o Communication o Coordination o Collaboration Preparedness o Proactive planning efforts o Evaluating potential vulnerabilities o Warning/looking for indicators Location Timing Magnitude Mitigation o Measures taken to reduce harmful effects o Preventions o Occurs before incident o Adjust the plan as needed Response o Actual implementation of the plan o Activities used to address the event o Focuses on emergency relief Saving lives First aid Minimizing and restoring damaged systems Care and basic life requirements to victims Food Water Shelter Recovery o Focuses on stabilization o Returning community to pre-impact status o Rehabilitation o Reconstruction o Epidemiological surveillance is needed
Response evaluation o What worked? o What didn’t? o Problems o Issues o Challenges o Quality Assurance o Revisions Prevention o All-hazards mitigation (prevention) Reducing risks to people and property from natural hazards before they occur o Prevention against natural disasters Structural measures Protecting buildings and infrastructure Threats include forces of wind and water Nonstructural measures Land development restrictions o Prevention against human-made disasters Heightened inspections Improved surveillance and security operations

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