Of no less importance are the issues of leadership and example In order to

Of no less importance are the issues of leadership

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Of no less importance are the issues of leadership and example. In order to realize a healthy democracy, strong, courageous, incorruptible as well as clean leadership is needed, rather than authoritarian and arbitrary leaders. It should be emphasized that firm leadership does not mean cruel and arbitrary leadership. Firm leadership is effective and decisive leadership exercising authority in accordance with the aspirations and needs of the people. Thus, one of the fundamental problems in Indonesia is how to seriously rearrange bureaucracy in order for it to become clean and professional. Following that, law enforcement institutions must be prioritized because these institutions -such as the police, prosecutor’s office, the Corruption Eradication Commission, and the courts- are the spearheads in our movement towards becoming free from the practices and culture of corruption. Law enforcement institutions are often described as the “broom” which will be used to clean the house of our nation from the dirt of corruption. What happens when we “sweep” the house with a dirty “broom” is that the dirt will stick all over the floor and walls of the house of our nation. The main reason behind the limited success of endeavors for bureaucratic reform is that the system, procedures and mechanisms as well as the officials who have the automatic tendency to work in a corrupt manner have been developed for decades. This is coupled with the political leadership which is still left with plenty of old players who have remained unchanged and who have the interest to protect the corrupt practices involving them. On the other hand, new leaders are emerging without a vision, rather, they only wish to enjoy the opportunities and chance for corruption which they never had before. Many political and bureaucratic officials view the reform as an opportunity to get their turn to loot the state’s wealth. They view the reform as their turn for corruption. A bureaucracy well-established with corruption tends to be resistant to bureaucratic reform efforts. There is a tendency not to implement the adopted policies seriously and consistently, especially when not supported by the leaders’ policies. This is because the old bureaucratic system brought benefits and comfort, while the bureaucratic reform to be implemented is seen as not necessarily offering the same benefits and comfort, and even posing a threat on the existing benefits and comfort. This is not to mention the fear of corrupt practices committed in the past being exposed. However, many such efforts towards synergy have not demonstrated any results because each institution and their respective apparatuses lack a common commitment to implement the same. In addition to the issues of organizational communication and the ability to move the organization, the problem has also been caused by the
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Indonesia Now. Between Pancasila and Crisis of Democracy in Indonesia 31 persisting atmosphere of unfair competition and the corps spirit that tends to be negative, all of which further deteriorate the mutual blockade situation. This point
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