B prosecutor did not lay adequate foundation for how

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b. Prosecutor did not lay adequate foundation for how he determined probability of  each individual factor.   c. Dissuaded jury from weighing evidence on its own but instead relied directly on  statistics of expert to determine guilt. d. Even if came up with small sample of possible suspects, statistics do not tell us  which one among these small minority was guilty.  Have statistical guilt of a lot of  people but not particularized evidence for individual.   e. Not sure if factors used for product rule were conclusively established by witness. f. Each factor not mutually independent so mischaracterized probability. E. CHARACTER EVIDENCE -  Rule 404 and Rule 405 (p. 467) 1. Rule 404(a) - Character Evidence Generally a. Character evidence not admissible for purpose of proving CONDUCT ON A  PARTICULAR OCCASION, i.e. action in conformity therewith on a particular  occasion. b. Character evidence is relevant b/c it has predictive aspect.  By showing character  trait, person may be "by disposition" a certain way, i.e. propensity argument.   c. Character evidence not really reliable to show propensity so have many limitations. d. Character evidence NEVER ALLOWED FOR CIVIL CASES. 2. EXCEPTIONS to Rule 404(a) - If D "open door" by putting forth character evidence,  then it is fair game by prosecution. a. Character of Accused - Rule 404(a)(1) i. Evidence of pertinent character trait of accused can be initially offered ONLY by accused . 3
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ii. Evidence of pertinent character trait of accused can only be offered by  prosecution to rebut  once accused offers char. evidence. iii. What is "pertinent"?  Depends on nature of charges.  Character trait of  dishonesty not relevant if charge is assault and battery.   b. Character of Victim - Rule 404(a)(2) i. Evidence of pertinent character trait of victim can be initially offered ONLY by  accused . ii. Evidence of pertinent character trait of victim can be offered by prosecution to  rebut  once accused offers victim's char. evidence. iii. Evidence of victim's character trait of peacefulness  can be offered by prosecution in a homicide case  to rebut evidence  that victim  was first aggressor c. Character of Witness - Rule 404(a)(3) - see Rule 607-609  3. Other crimes, wrongs, or acts  - Rule 404(b) a. Evidence of other crimes, wrongs, or acts not admissible to prove character.  But can be admissible for other purposes such as proving motive, opportunity, intent,  preparation, plan, knowledge, identity,  absence of mistake or accident.  Prosecution  only needs to provide reasonable notice to D in advance of trial.   b. Can prove intent with prior acts if want to rebut defense of entrapment.  c.
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