limited given that the main responsibility for regulating and monitoring the energy sector and its SOEs lies with the GDE under MoIT. Department of Industry and Trade (DoIT) The DoIT helps at the local level the People’s Committee to succeed administrative tasks in the energy sector including RE. The DoIT is under the authority of the MoIT and is obliged to its directives. Therefore, the DoIT is also responsible for the implementation of energy master plans and, as a consequence, also for RE. People’s Committee (PC) At the local level, Viet Nam is divided into 58 provinces and 2 municipalities (i.e. Hanoi and HCMC), each of them is controlled by a People’s Council elected by the inhabitants. This c ouncil assigns a People’s Committee that act s as the executive arm and is responsible for formulating and implementing provincial government ’ s plans. It consists of one chairman, one vice-chairman and nine to eleven full members. 27 CIEM (2013).
12 Regarding renewables, the PC is at the provincial level responsible for different approvals and permits during the construction phase and the operation. Viet Nam Institute of Energy (IOE) The IOE is a state run energy research institute. Before becoming directly subordinate to the MoIT in 2010, it was integrated in the SOE EVN. 28 The main function of the IOE is to prepare energy policy decisions and national energy strategy. Furthermore, it offers consultancy services to third parties. Power Engineering Joint Stock Company (PECC 1-4) Originally, the PECCs were state-run energy institutes for the planning and realisation of energy projects that later were directly integrated into the SOE EVN. Since 2007, the PECCs have been equitized into stock companies but are still mainly owned by EVN. 29 Overall there are four different PECCs with different regional responsibilities. They, as well as the IOE, offer consulting services including, according to their own information, project services from cost calculation to technical implementation. 30 3.3 Electricity Pricing The average electricity selling price has been increasing since the last 10 years (see Figure 7). During a six year period from 2004 to 2009, the average increase was 3.8 % p.a. From 2010 to 2013, however, the average growth rate increased to 9.5% p.a. Therefore, the average selling price almost doubled in the last decade. 31 The last price increase at 7.5% on average was in March 2015. As a result, the average selling price is currently VND 1,622 /kWh (incl. VAT). 32 The countrywide uniform selling prices differ among different customer groups (see Table 3). 28 IoE (2015). 29 PEC (2015A). 30 PEC (2015B). 31 Cuong, N.D. and Dersch, D. (2014), p.15. 32 VGPnews (2015).