MANNING_STRATEGIES_IN_GREEK-OWNED_SHIPPI.pdf

Seafarers who are members of trade unions often find

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and even trade unions, in order for the students to be hired. Seafarers who are members of trade unions often find jobs via this network. A seafarer may contact a manning agency in order to apply for a job, the Seafarers’ Employment Agency of each country of origin (which refers to the Greek Ministry’s National Seafarers’ Employment Agency, in the case of Greece), or even contact directly a ship managing company or a ship owning company. This distribution to organisation types that contribute to the supply and demand chain is similar to the one developed by Glen and McConville (2001). Their categorisation included shipping and ship management companies, manning/crewing agencies, port authorities, educational, other, and unknown sources. They showed that the first three types were mostly contributing to the system, with regard to the number of hired seafarers and the duration of employment. SEAFARER Marine Academy Trade Union National Seafarers' Employment Agency Manning Agent Ship Manager Ship Owner SHIPPING COMPANY seafarers (native/ foreign) owner manager owner and operator 2. Subsidiary Manning Agency 3. Independent Manning Agency 1. In-house Crew Department Figure 1. Maritime Labour Supply and Demand Chain: The side of the seafarer and the shipping company From the other side of the coin is the shipping company, either an owner who uses third party ship management, or an owner-operator. The managers/ operators have three alternatives available in order to hire seagoing personnel. These three alternatives that may be used in combination, include (a) managing the whole process of recruitment/hire through the in-house operated Crew Department, (b) establishing a Subsidiary Manning Agency, (c) employing an Independent Manning Agency. The In-house Crew Department is a vital part of the ship operating company (either owner or manager), which among its rest duties, seeks for seagoing personnel. The Subsidiary Manning Agency is an agent or affiliated company to the ship manager/ owner, either in the inland or in a foreign country, which often is positioned in East 7
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Europe or/ and Far East. Finally, the Independent Manning Agency can also be a single agent or a company who often is positioned in the major seafaring labour supply countries. As it has already been mentioned, it could also be an independent ship management company that offers a wide range of services. It is common for many shipping companies to recruit foreign seafarers with the use of a manning agency, and native seafarers through the Crew Department. The applied policy depends on several factors, which are going to be discussed later on. It is believed that manning agencies offer valuable services in the world shipping industry, as an intermediate between seafarers and shipping companies. Their role in the context of the global shipping and seafaring markets has been substantial in reducing the transaction cost and the risk for both seafarers and companies. This role has grown so much, that so the operating companies, as the seafarers themselves, have a dependent and conditional relationship with the agents.
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