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Perform ancestor’s retuals (philierty) -Bribe more took financial responsibility for marriage-Female were not able to claim for divorce, and they could not remarry after divorcing-Ki Sang (women – entertainers) – were trained singing and dancing in parties for official government events -Queen – red skirts (special)7.Royal power and Buddha had a strong connection, -Life in royal palace was very luxurious, 10. Ogedei khan who ordered the invasion of Korea
-began in 1231, for 30 years they had war, koryo came to an agreement so that princess of Koryo would marry the prince of Mongolia. Koryo somewhat became a son-in-law relationship with yuan Mongols (who rules china at that time)- Young women from upper class were sent to Yuan as tributes (as servants or slaves)13. King gongmin and his wife Queen Noguk. Gongmin is the king who began to push theMongols out of Korea. He, himself was a painter. Ch’oyong masks – became a dance for shamanism part 2 – about literatureKoryo produced a rich literature in Chinese which was well preserved and manypopular songs, some of which, have been lost.15. literature in Chinese- The 4thking of Koryo, Kwangjong, put the kwago system into practice in 958.- This was the civil service examination which determined who would get government positions- Writing Hansi, or poems in Chinese, was required of all government officials and upper class people4 different levels of Kwago. Highest level – jinsa - required ability to write the literature >>led to highest government job(only upper class male were able to apply as it required financial support and political power)Myung gyung – required to read in literature-Writing hansi (Chinese poetry) was required for all government officials Poga – required to have basic knowledge about Chinese – for technical workMiyu – required to have basic knowledge about Chinese – for medical work16. “Partying” by Chong Chi-Sang- After a rain on the long dike, grasses are think with a sad song I send you off to the south bank.
When will the Taedong River cease to flow? Year after year my tears will swell the waves. Poem – 4 lines of 7 Chinese characters Kimbusik – 삼국사기 (The history of three kingdoms) – very elegant** Iryon(monk) – Legends of three kingdoms (삼국유사) 18. Koryo Songs & Poems- Sokyo are popular Koryo songs significant to the development of Korean literature- Generally, we do not know the authors or dates of compositions of the Koryo popular songs- There is evidence that certain Koryo songs were composed by bands of wandering female minstrels -Kayo and Sokyo, many have been lost, important because it shows the daily life of people at that time. - don’t know who wrote the songs- original version of “kasiri – 가시리” – “Will you go” - when the Korean was invented, they quickly wrote the popular songs or poems in Korean language during the eraly Choson23. Koryo Popular songs- Koryo music was divided into three types* Ak, or court music(for funeral, sad)* Tangak, or music from Tang China (party or celebration)* Sokak, or popular music