Such criticism can strain bilateral ties and in worse

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human rights violations. Such criticism can strain bilateral ties, and in worse scenarios, result in economic sanctions imposed or military intervention which can threaten the country’s national interests. - Eg: Syria: The sanctions campaign applied to Syria by the EU, the UN, and several other regulatory entities is one of the most comprehensive ever implemented. Sanctions were imposed in response to the Syrian government’s support of international terrorism and violations against democratic and human rights in the country . Since first being implemented, the sanctions have been strengthened several times due to escalating violence in the region. Currently imposed sanctions include trade restrictions, travel bans and asset freezes on certain Syrian officials,
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as well as a ban on Syrian investment by US persons. (Taken from: ) 3) It is just as important for political leaders to be popular as it ensures sustainability so that they would be able to implement long term policies successfully to win the confidence of the populace and ensure the progress of the society - When leaders are popular, they are more likely to get re-elected and will therefore have many years and a longer runway to roll out effective policies whose effects can be seen in the long run. - Fear often inspires forced compliance out of sheer desperation which will only be effective in the short term but cannot be sustained. Popularity on the other hand ensures that people want to comply and since it is done willingly it is more likely to ensure long term sustainability. - With willing compliance there is a tendency for leaders to be able to carry out long term policies and rules etc. This will result in the people being confident in the leader and also ensures the long term success of the country - Eg: Chinese communist party leaders such as Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping etc and now, Xi Jinping. They have managed to ensure long term success for China and enabled it to move from a poor nation to one that is a superpower alongside US and Russia. In 2018, Forbes named Xi as the most powerful and influential person in the world. Since the introduction of economic reforms in 1978, China's economy has been one of the world's fastest-growing with annual growth rates consistently above 6 percent. As of 2016, it is the world's second-largest economy by nominal GDP and largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). - Eg.: Vladimir Putin – Popularity is very high in Russia with a domestic approval rating rate of above 60% since taking office in 1999. 2018 – 2024 will be his 6th term. Due to his popularity he has ensured long term progress for Russia. Significant improvements in living standards, and Russia's reassertion of itself on the world scene during his presidency 4) Popular leaders are better able to ensure that people’s needs are met and that they feel a sense of belonging in the country .
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