Some researchers and business people have observed a trend they call de- jobbing . This trend consists of viewing organisations as a field of work that needs to be done, rather than as a series of jobs held by individuals. Changes in the nature of work and the expanded use of „project-based‰ organisational structures require the type of broader understanding that comes from an analysis of workflows. The end product of a job analysis is a written description of the actual requirements of the job. This is known as the job description and the job specifications. The person who analyses a job is known as a job analyst. JOB DESCRIPTIONS 2.2 Job descriptions define a personÊs role and accountability (in a particular job). In recruitment, job descriptions enable human resource manager and the applicants to understand the role beforehand prior to the selection process. In short, job descriptions are necessary for those who are about to be or already are employed. Without a job description it is not possible for a person to properly commit to, or be held accountable for a job. Job descriptions are written statements that describe the: (a) Duties and responsibilities of a job;
TOPIC 2 JOB ANALYSIS AND HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING 31 (b) Most important contributions and outcomes needed from a position; (c) Required qualifications of candidates; and (d) Reporting relationship and co-workers of a particular job. Job descriptions are based on objective information obtained through job analysis, an understanding of the competencies and skills required to accomplish needed tasks, and the needs of the organisation to produce work. Job descriptions clearly identify and spell out the responsibilities of a specific job which may include information about working conditions, tools, equipment used, knowledge and skills needed, and relationships with other positions are also included. Do you know that typically, job descriptions are used especially for advertising to fill an open position, determining compensation and as a basis for performance reviews. A job description is also a communication tool that tells co- workers where their job ends and the job of another starts, where their job fits within the overall department and the overall company. The best job descriptions are „living, breathing‰ documents that are updated as responsibilities change and they do not limit employees, but rather, cause them to expand their experience, grow their skills and develop their ability to contribute within their organisation. 2.2.1 The Importance of Job Descriptions Do you know why job descriptions are important? Job descriptions improve an organisationÊs ability to manage people and roles in the following ways: (a) Clarifying employer expectations for employee and providing the basis for measuring job performance.
- Fall '14
- Human Resource Management