Correct! This is an example of retroactive interference, because the new information, listening to music while at the gym, is interfering with the retrieval of old information, a song Adelaide heard on the radio. 9. An individual receives the sentence “_____ rhymes with crawl” followed by the word “Ball” in an experiment similar to that of Craik and Tulving (1975). According to transfer- appropriate processing, which of the following testing situations would promote the greatest recall of the target word? A) ______ rhymes with hall. B) ______ represents a baby’s method of movement. C) ______ represents a spherical object used in outdoor activities. D) ______ contains a capital B. Correct! According to transfer-appropriate processing, words encoded at the rhyming level are best retrieved at the rhyming level. 10. Which of the following would provide the best evidence supporting the multi-store model of memory? A) The amount of information that the episodic buffer can handle and keep online for rehearsal is limited by the capacity of the chunks of information that are to
be rehearsed. B) Information transferred through the phonological loop for longer periods of time than other information will most likely enter long-term memory. C) When attempting to encode a list of stimuli through rehearsal, stimuli at the beginning of the list are typically the only stimuli remembered. D ) Existing schemas guide the likelihood that information currently being held online in working memory will enter long-term memory. Correct! The multi-store model suggests that information with increasing rehearsal time is more likely to enter long-term memory, the location of schemas. 11. Larry is asked to remember a long list of random words, and is then required to recall them after several hours. Which of the following best predicts Larry's performance? A) Larry is more likely to recall the middle of the list because they have more cues. B) Larry's serial position curve will be a negatively accelerating decreasing curve. C) Larry is more likely to recall the earlier words because they were rehearsed more. D) Larry's forgetting curve will be a negatively accelerating increasing curve. Correct! The primacy effect describes why the beginning words in a list are better recalled. The recency effect describes why the words at the end of a list are also more likely to be recalled. 12. James is walking to McMaster and sees a man wearing a hard hat and a bright orange vest walking towards him. For some reason, James cannot look away. Which of the following conclusions could James draw that follows the attributional view of memory? A) James thinks that he knows this man from somewhere, even though they have never actually met before. B) James thinks his orange vest must be difficult to process, and so he must look longer to figure out if this man is a stranger.
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 172 pages?