E correct answer the mining frontier attracted

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e. Correct answer. The mining frontier attracted substantial numbers of white Americans seeking instant wealth that led to the amassing of precious metal fortunes, which financed the Civil War, advanced the building of the railroads, and exacerbated the protracted armed conflict between white Americans and Indians.
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Question 6 a. The Homestead Act of 1862 provided that each family could acquire an ample 160 acres of western land (a quarter section) at nominal cost. When western settlers in the Great Plains discovered that the topsoil of their acquired land was arid and pounded solid by cattle, they utilized sodbusting iron plows, pulled by oxen, to use the fertile sod they dug from the ground to plant productive agricultural crops. b. Land-grabbing promoters and speculators obtained some of the most attractive land for farming and re-sold this land at an exorbitant profit to settlers or the railroads. c. Correct answer. The difficulty of farming the arid and impacted prairie topsoil of the Great Plains was overcome by the sodbusting iron plows, pulled by oxen, which broke the sod and transformed the prairie soil into highly fertile land for agricultural production of food staples such as wheat. d. Farmers living on the western prairie encountered severe financial setbacks as a result of periodic droughts occurring in the West. e. Unscrupulous corporations used dummy homesteaders to obtain the most valuable properties containing timber, minerals, and oil and re-selling this land at an enormous profit to other corporations or developing these attractive western lands themselves. Question 7 a. Correct answer. Eastern city dwellers were the least likely to migrate to the cattle and farming frontier of the West because most of these eastern urban residents did not know how to farm or raise cattle. In addition, only a few of these eastern city dwellers could finance transporting themselves and their families west and then afford to purchase livestock, feed, and costly machinery. b. Eastern farmers took advantage of the Homestead Act of 1862 to permit a settler to obtain as much as 160 acres of western land by living on it for five years, improving it, and paying a low fee of approximately $30. The Homestead Act prompted many eastern farmers, who could not afford to buy and cultivate large property holdings in the east, to buy land in the wide open spaces of the Western frontier to construct new homes, build farms, and raise livestock. c. The ample availability and nominal cost of significant swaths of western acreage prompted northern European immigrants, particularly those with farming experience from Germany and Scandinavia, to forego living in crowded eastern cities for the attractive agricultural opportunities present in the fertile and vast open stretches of the West.
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