100%(1)1 out of 1 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 23 - 25 out of 56 pages.
Akbar the great tried to create his own religion to unify the people of his empire. •Promoted racial tolerance (sulahkul)•Developed his own religious teachings. (synthesized ideas from multiple faiths)•Tried to create a new religion: Din-i-ilahi•Did not attract many followers outside of his court, •Built up a multilingual library•Secured Hindu freedom for prayer•Liberated Mughal state from conservative clerics (islamic)•Built a multi-religious temple called the Ibadat Khana - House of Worship•Jahangir (emperor from 1605- 1627) was the Mughal emperor who took over Akbar (dad).•Passed pretty good laws that helped the way people lived•Wrote a whole manuscript on the good things he did (pat himself on the back)3•Akbar’s descendent (great grandson?) Aurangzeb was not too open to new religions•Once again established Mughal India as an Islamic state•Reinstated jizya•Gets the blame for the fall of the Mughal EmpireEurope•Recovery from plague
•Killed waaay too many people in Europe•Lead to some sChIsMss in the churches•Priests and nuns died•People who were illiterate/unqualified had to become the new priests and stuff bc everyone else was DED•They ended up making a mockery of the church - couldn't read bible•Also, people began to lose faith in God bc so many others died•State building•Spain, Portugal, Italian city-states, and England learned to tax their citizens better•More effective administrative structure•England and France conflict•100 years war: France was looking for an heir to their throne, but the closest heir was English, but France didn’twant to be governed by the English, but Belgium didn’t like the way France was governing them, and Belgium was the main source of cotton textiles, so Belgium was like ‘if you don’t go to war with France and free me from France I’ll stop making your cotton’ and England was like ‘fine’ so they went to war with France and then France won anyway•Renaissance•People looked back towards classically greek art and poetry for inspiration, much link how Ming China looked back towards Confucianism for its inspiration•Leonardo da Vinci•Michaelangelo•Raphael•Humanism: Focus on secular topics (like grammar, history, politics, etc.)3rd wave Europe•1215 Magna Carta•decreases the power of the barons, and later the priests•excommunicated everyone in England•people believed that the church had spiritual power•revolted, because excommunication = condemned to hell•All of England is angry. Not at the Church, but the King.•Check on the power of the leader•King John broke feudal laws, and refused to pay tite (Church tite)•Everyone hates King John•Power struggle; Kings don’t want to have their power checked•1200s-1300s Plague•Killed people in Europe (of the population)⅓•Roman Catholics didn’t understand the deaths, and though that they were being cursed, even though they prayed•In the Holy Roman Empire, many villages were completely wiped out•Despite prayers, people (and the popes) kept dying•Started to question the Church's power•Jews lived during the plague•Christians thought that they were witches•