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society for good, because even when the men came home from war, the women still kept these jobs and were eventually granted the right to vote.WWI was considered a modern war, mainly because moral progress didn’t keep up with technological process. The length of the war was modern, as opposed to previous wars in history when there were short wars (as WWI was expected to be) and was face to face. There were new weapons, such as machine guns and artilleries, instead of the weapons in previous wars. This war was more movable, due to the creation of modern railroads, which created a better form of transportation. This war was a shock to not only the soldiers, but also the countries. It was truly the first modern war, as well as total war, resulting in a huge, psychological shock for Western citizens. The effects extended far beyond the devastated landscapes of the Western Front, and of the 70 million men who were mobilized, nearly 9 million were killed. This time was considered the “lost generation”—for clear and obvious causes. 3. Governments and political systems are rarely perfect or static; nor can even authoritarian governments ignore completely or for long the wishes and interests of their subjects, for the test of any government is its capacity to adapt to change and new conditions. Discuss the validity of this statement in the context of the histories of England, France, and either Germany or Russia in the period between 1815 and 1914.
Chapters 22 and mostly 23, Disraeli and Gladstone, rise of the middle class•The old day version of the democratic and republican parties in AmericaDisraeli: conservative Gladstone: interested in social reformBoth however were interested in the upper middle classOffered moderate programs that appealed to the widening electorateThis British government adapted to new voters’ concernExample: legalize trade unions, providing education•GermanyoBismark in his rule changed his stance depending on the popular class at that time Example: He launched an anti-Catholic campaign to strengthen ties with liberal factions with his interestThis backfired and he switched his stance by including agriculture and industrial interests to go with the Catholic party which was in power•FranceoThroughout the 19thcentury France undergoes three different governmentsEach one following a revolution by the popular classoFrance shows the validy in this statement because when the government did not adapt and change to the time, it was kicked out and replaced by one that fit the conditions of that time4. The Industrial Revolution has been called “the long revolution,” and although some historians object to the use of the term “revolution” to describe it, the impact of industrialism on most aspects of 19thcentury European or Western civilization was indeed revolutionary. Explain and exemplify.