determined and the option that poses the highest total utility is chosen

Determined and the option that poses the highest

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determined and the option that poses the highest total utility is chosen Deontology – referred to as formalism or duty orientation asserts that ethical decision making is based on moral rules and unchanging principles that are derived from reason and can be applied universallyDistributive justice – refers to the fair distribution of burdens and benefits using an independent standardDouble-effect principle – refers to the principle that recognizes that ethical choices may result in untoward outcomesEthical concepts (ethical concepts highlighted in pink) – abstract ideas or thoughts that deal with ethics are referred to, ideas and thoughts serve as part of the values and decision-making process Ethical theories – refer to systemic statements or plans of principles used to deal with ethical dilemmasEthics – formal study of moral choices that conform to standards of conduct Etiquette – how human beings relate to one another under certain circumstances, social codes of customs and rituals, EX: courtesy, politeness, and proper dressFidelity – faithfulness, loyalty, and devotion to one’s obligations EX: operating within acceptable practice constraintsIncompetent – person who is unable or unfit to make decisionsJustice – fairness to all people EX: access to health care services Law – a body of rules of action or conduct prescribed by a controlling authority that has binding legal force
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Morals – principles or fundamental standards of “rights” conduct that an individual internalizesNonmaleficence – prohibition against doing harm EX: Hippocratic oathPatient rights – confidentiality and privacy Placebos – medically inert substances that are used as a control in test ing the effectiveness of another medicated substancePrivacy – the right to be left alone or the right to control personal informationRights – a just claim or entitlement that others must respect EX: confidentiality and privacyUtilitarianism – referred to as consequentialism proposes that everyone including person, organizations,and society in general should make choices that promote the greatest balance of good over harm for everyoneValues – concepts that give meaning to an individual’s life and serve as the frame work for decision making Veracity – habitual truthfulness and honesty EX: patient-provider relationship Ethical Theories UtilitarismDeontologyDefinitionPromote greatest balance ofgood over harm for everyoneMoral rues and unchangingprinciples derived from reasonand applied universallyShort StatementAdvancing the public goodCategorical imperativeApplicationCost-benefit analysisResearch involving humansubjectsStrengthGroup benefit valuedUniversity of rules andprinciplesWeaknessEnd justifies meansOverly rigidChapter 6Key concepts Codes of ethics – written lists of a professional’s values and standards of conduct
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  • Fall '19
  • Dominique Woodfork

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