Wealthy nations actively perpetuate a state of

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Wealthy nations actively perpetuate a state of dependence by various means. This influence may be multifaceted World Systems theories (defined) Periphery –> Semi-periphery –> Core Wallerstein and Gunder Frank Key differences include a tripartite pattern of development rather than bipartite Poverty of poor countries are caused by their peripheral position in the international division of labor. As capitalism has evolved, this distinction between core and periphery (and semi-periphery) has evolved too World-systems theory asks several key questions: How is the world system affected by changes in its components (e.g. nations, ethnic groups, social classes, etc.)? How does it affect its components? To what degree, if any, does the core need the periphery to be underdeveloped? What causes world systems to change? What system may replace capitalism? Colonialism
Issues described by SfD practitioners The problems of SfD projects, therefore, represent a mirror image of those previously identified in other development sectors in which narrow projects constructed education and health facilities that subsequently went underutilised due to limited resources – this is an excerpt taken from one of the supplementary readings that specifically looks at SfD programs in Africa Common experiences between mega event host cities/countries (Zirin chapter) Zirin points out that essentially every mega-event from 2004 – 2022 all have the same sorts of problems: Profit for developers, debt for nations New infrastructure created, poverty and homelessness still a problem GREECE What do the numbers tell us? In 1997, the IOC estimated the cost of the games to be 1.3 Billion Next estimate post-planning was 5.3 Billion After the games was over, 14.2 billion Public housing levelled Homelessness increased City promised affordable housing units in the athletes village Week 11 & 12 (Sport for Development and Peace) IOC and FIFA’s sustainable development initiatives Sport for Development revisited – putting it all into context What do these programs really do? Cora Burnett suggests that international development agencies collaborated with non-government organizations to address a wide range of social ills at grassroots levels across
the world but there is some debate as to whether or not these initiatives have been helpful or worthwhile Development and Youth What does the research say?

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