Also during this time the regular colonial governments were collapsing due to

Also during this time the regular colonial

This preview shows page 16 - 17 out of 25 pages.

- Also during this time the regular colonial governments were collapsing due to patriot challenges to their authority through popularly elected provincial conventions, which usurped the former legislatures’ powers. Through late 1774 and early 1775 these provincial conventions approved the CA, elected delegates for the Second Continental Congress, organized militia and gathered arms. - This stunk for royal officials, who were basically in the position of having to drive a car after other people pushed them out from behind the steering wheel [stupid analogy, but I tried]. Courts would hold sessions, taxes weren’t paid, etc. – “independence was being won at the local level but w/o formal acknowledgement.” *April 19, 1775: The War Begins* - The actual fighting part of the independence movement was sparked when General Thomas Gage in Boston send an expedition to confiscate provincial military supplies at Concord . Paul Revere heard about this, yeah we all know the story. Anyhow there was a skirmish at Lexington [en route] on April 19, 1775 . - Then at Concord the British were met w/even more resistance [at Lexington it had just been a bunch of local militiamen called up at the last minute]. For the year following Concord, the Americans besieged Boston, where the British had retreated. - The British only broke away from the siege at the Battle of Bunker Hill [which marked a turning pt. for them strategically from containment of a radical movement in New England to more of a focus on the Middle Colonies] but they suffered heavy losses in doing so. *British Strategy [or lack of it]* - Lord North made three assumptions [and you know what happens when you assume] about the war: 1. Patriot forces can’t win against British regulars. 2. War in America is the same as war in Europe. 3. A military victory will automatically make the colonies come back to mommy Britain. - Wrong, wrong, and wrong again. They greatly underestimated American commitment to resistance and also didn’t see that military victories would just not be enough to bring an area as big as the colonies back under control [loss of cities didn’t hurt the cause]. Finally, they just didn’t get it that even if they did win militarily and gained control it wouldn’t last b/c what they had to do was to win the colonies over politically. They tried the political angle in 1778 but by then it was too late. *American Advantages/Disadvantages in the War* - Britain’s less-than-brilliant [to say the least] strategy brings us to…American advantages in the war: ? They were fighting on home soil [makes big difference b/c people fight w/more conviction if they are fighting for their land AND they also knew the area as a result]. ? The colonists also had easier access to supplies and better tactics.
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