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Role-of-advocacy-against-child-labour.pdf

The situation in kenya is not different as far as the

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concern for everyone, including governments in this region. The situation in Kenya is not different as far as the worst forms of child labour are concerned. Reports indicate that many children are enrolled in primary school, but transition to secondary school remains low, leaving a large number of children to resort to the worst forms of child labour, such as, prostitution, fishing and agriculture. Many end up in domestic child labour, where they are abused. Reports emanating from the US Departments of Labour and State in 2013 confirm that the worst forms of child labour are still rampant in Kenya, while the government is not doing much to rectify the situation. 21 International Labour Organization Office (2013) Geneva pp. 1-41 22 ILO/IPEC (2013): Making Progress Against Child Labour: Global Estimates and Trends, 2000–2012.
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CMI REPORT THE ROLE OF ADVOCACY AGAINST CHILD LABOUR 2015: 2 25 8 Lessons Learnt and Pre-conditions to Effective Advocacy 8.1 Availability of resources is a Pre-condition Effective advocacy is a long-term activity that requires resources. ANPPCAN’s efforts were thwarted by the method of one-year funding periods and with already pre-determined donor demands. There was a time, especially with the Programme of Support (Time Bound), where the emphasis was put on the number of children withdrawn. This has been confirmed by all the officials interviewed for this report. Donors want numbers and the strict reporting requirements and formats have exacerbated the situation for NGOs. For advocacy to be effective longer time horizon is needed, without reporting on a quarterly basis. The parents of withdrawn children were expected to get into business with some KES 2,500. ANPPCAN was supported for 18 months to operate in five districts and to undertake myriads of activities. Although ANPPCAN had been working in these districts some of the government employees had been transferred and the process had to start all over again. The resources allocated to traverse the large districts with bad roads were not sufficient to support the district child labour committees and those operating at the local level. This limited the work referred to as ‘good practices’ in most of the ILO documents. Putting an issue on the public agenda depends on other factors. While it was easy for ANPPCAN as well as other NGOs to target communities and schools in the districts, this was not the case upstream, where perhaps activism was required as a tool of advocacy. Availability of resources was also important to bring key stakeholders to address an issue. For example, when it became apparent that child labour committees had to be embraced and formalized at the national level or at the ministerial level, resources were needed to do so. If the permanent secretaries or director of programmes or members of parliament were to be involved, resources were needed to take these groups to high class hotel venues and to pay allowances commensurate with their status.
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  • Spring '17
  • Districts of Kenya, Nairobi, Child labour, Ministry of Labour

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