Us foreign policy latin america latin america us

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US foreign policy - Latin America Latin America = US views L America as their sphere of influence, gained Puerto Rico/Virgin Islands, military present in Panama, sponsored dictators in Venezuela/Cuba 1096 Institutionalized Revolutionary Party Mexico, granted suffrage & right to strike, but actually oligarchy that chose president, upper class prospers, country modernizes, but middle class small & lower class huge 1097 Lazaro Cardenas president of Mexico 1934, redistributes acres with land reform, nationalized oil industry (took from US) 1098 Getulio Vargas Brazil, 1930 Vargas takes over, censored press, tortured political opponents, modernized Brazilian economy (diversifies, free from coffee) 1099 Hipolito Irigoyen Argentina, 1916 Radical party, reforms benefit peasants, labor unions become more active, overthrown in 1930 1100 Juan and Eva Peron Argentina, takes over after WWII, populist leader, wife popular, appeal to lower class, raised salaries of working class, gov’t controlled press, denied civil liberties 1101 occupation of Rhineland Hitler takes back land given away by Versailles 1102 Lebensraum Hitler's desire for "living space" for German people, wants to unite Germans from other nations 1103 Munich Conference Symbolic failure of appeasement; Hitler given Czech. Sudetenland for promise of no future aggression 1104 Nazi-Soviet Pact Agreement of Stalin/Hitler to not fight each other, but invade, divide up Poland 1105 invasion of Poland Signalled beginning of World War II, France/England declare war on Germany 1106 blitzkrieg lightning fast war coordinating planes, tanks, infantry - move past border, directly to capital 1107 Greater East Asian Co-Prosperity Sphere Name given to Asian region Japan wanted to conquer, kick out
Europeans, control resources 1108 Pearl Harbor Attempt to destroy US navy before they enter war, becomes catalyst for US entering war 1109 Operation Overlord June 6, 1944 - Invasion of Normandy, sets up Western Front against Germany, USSR pleased, known D-Day 1110 strategic bombing systematic targetting of civilians - both residential and industrial capability - destroy will to fight 1111 Final Solution Nazi decision to exterminate Jews, last years of World War II, shipped to extermination camps 1112 Wannsee Conference January 20, 1942 - high level Nazis meet secretly to discuss, agree upon "Final Solution" 1113 Auschwitz-Birkenau most famous extermination camp 1114 superpowers Following WWII - two nations emerge as military, economic world leaders - USSR and USA 1115 Cold War Ideological, economic and military conflict between superpowers - 1945-1989 - world takes sides - bipolar world 1116 partition of Germany Divided among Allies - England, France, US, USSR - USSR section becomes E. Germany, others unite - W. Germany 1117 Berlin Blockade Stalin shuts off trains, planes, roads into East Berlin - attempt to cut off western influence - Berlin Airlift foils plans 1118 Nikita Khrushchev Controversial USSR premier Follows Stalins (1953-1964), criticizes Stalin's policies, foreign policy brings USSR-USA to brink of war 1119 nuclear arms race Both USSR_USA push for weapons w/ larger payload,

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